Additionally, marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful components as tobacco smoke. Neither marijuana nor tobacco products should be smoked around a baby or children.
Cannabis is a plant of the Cannabaceae family and contains more than eighty biologically active chemical compounds. The most commonly known compounds are THC and CBD. One type of cannabis plant is marijuana, which contains varying levels of THC, the compound that produces the “high” that is often associated with marijuana. Another type of cannabis plant is hemp. Hemp plants contain extremely low amounts of THC. CBD, which does not produce a “high,” can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.
What do we know about the effects of CBD use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding?
If you are considering using cannabis, or any products containing THC or CBD, you should be aware of the following:
FDA is studying the effects of CBD use from different angles, such as: (1) the use of CBD-containing products, like food, cosmetics, or supplements, over a person’s entire life; and (2) the effects of using these various products in combination. There are many unanswered questions about the science, safety, and quality of products containing CBD.
Cannabis and Cannabis-derived products have become increasingly available in recent years, with new and different types of products appearing all the time. These products raise questions and concerns for many consumers. And if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you might have even more questions about whether these products are safe for you.
When Frank herself was expecting in 2015, prior to joining the company, she says she suffered from hypermesis gravitum (HG), a condition marked by chronic, severe morning sickness. "I was getting sick 20-30 times a day, was unable to nourish myself or my baby, and was constantly flirting with dehydration," she tells Parents.com. "The medicine typically prescribed for this has a slew of potential side effects, so I refused it. My symptoms actually got worse with each passing month, to a point where my doctor was recommending bed rest in the fourth month."
Touted for offering a bevy of benefits, from pain relief to stress management, CBD, or cannabidiol, is having a real moment. The component of either a marijuana or hemp plant is non-psychoactive, unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)—which only comes from marijuana—and is popping up in therapeutic products all over the internet and country. From drinking CBD mocktails as an alternative to wine to caring for sore muscles with a CBD salve or soaking in a tub with a CBD-lace bath bomb, moms everywhere are loving its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-psychotic, anti-convulsant, and antidepressant properties.
That said, Congress is poised to lift a federal hemp ban this month, that, according to The Hill, "will for the first time allow lawmakers to develop and impose best manufacturing practices and standards for this nascent industry—policies that will ultimately lead to a safer and better-quality product for consumers."
What the Experts Say
December 9, 2018
Chase elaborated on the differences between topical application and oral ingestion: “When applied topically, unless through a transdermal patch, CBD and other cannabinoids do not pass through the surface layer of your skin to enter the bloodstream. As such, if a mom or mom-to-be were willing to try a CBD-containing product, we would recommend topical remedies. When administered orally, there is a greater chance that a developing fetus would be exposed to the CBD and cannabinoids.”
The best advice we can share with the current research available is to discuss with your doctor what you would be using CBD for and to try and find a way to still experience the relief it offers without causing any harm to your baby.
CBD oil is touted online as a one-stop remedy for relieving inflammation, stress, anxiety, nausea, and more. Many of those ailments could be symptoms of pregnancy, but you may want to do a bit of research before giving it a try.
Which Application of CBD is Safest?
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is made from extractions from the cannabis plant, diluted into a neutral, edible oil. The CBD space is still relatively new and unexplored, so not as much research has been done into the therapeutic benefits of using CBD recreationally, compared to the amount of research done on using THC, the most active ingredient in marijuana which has psychoactive effects.
However, more research will be coming, Chase explained: “By way of background, due to hemp’s classification as a schedule I drug (i.e. no known medical benefits), research has been sparse in the last few decades. With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which makes hemp federally legal, there is renewed interest in studying the medicinal benefits of the plant, so it won’t be too long until we have a clearer understanding around the safety during pregnancy and nursing.”
Derek Chase, founder of FLORA + BAST, explains the current lack of research available in the industry: “Given the lack of clinical data showing the safety of cannabinoids in general during pregnancy and nursing, we are unable to recommend that it is in fact safe. That said, there is no evidence that CBD will cause child development issues if exposed to the molecule inside the womb. But we do not interpret a lack of evidence to be evidence of safety.”
CBD can also be applied to the skin topically, inhaled through a vapor pen, or eaten in an edible, among other methods. However, there are differences based on the method in which you choose to use CBD.