Analysts predict the CBD pet care market will reach $125 million by 2022, making it one of the fastest-growing segments of the CBD market.
Still, McGrath is optimistic. Veterinarians don’t have a wide variety of drugs available to treat these conditions and some of the ones that do exist often come with debilitating side effects, such as weight gain and lethargy. “If CBD works, then I think it would hit the mark of being both effective and not carrying a lot of side effects,” says McGrath. “So that’s kind of what we’re hoping for.”
What is CBD?
“Around 2013 or 2014, I started looking into what research was already out there and I realized that there was essentially no real, good scientific literature in the human world, let alone the veterinary research world,” says McGrath, assistant professor of neurology at Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. “And so I started investigating whether it would even be plausible for me to conduct any research.”
Legally, CBD products must contain no more than 0.3% THC, which should be safe for animals. But there’s no reason to take chances. Whenever possible, stick to CBD pet care products that contain 0.0% THC and be on the lookout for symptoms of THC poisoning such as vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, restlessness and trouble standing.
The other big thing pet owners need to be aware of is quality control. Because the CBD market isn’t well regulated yet, CBD products can contain ingredients that aren’t listed on their labels — including THC, which is known to be toxic to cats and dogs.
Common additional cannabinoids found in full spectrum CBD oil include: cannabidivarin (CBDV), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG), and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), all of which have suspected supplemental neuromodulating properties. 13,17 Additionally, terpenes have many known therapeutic benefits, provide cannabis plants with distinct aromas and flavors, and are found in a wide variety of plants and spices. Common terpenes present in full spectrum CBD oil include: beta-caryophyllene, limonene, myrcene, linalool, and humulene. 18 Additional cannabinoid and terpene content will vary among different products, as they vary in different plants, and you’ll have to contact the manufacturer (if not on the label) for full product analysis.
Not a typical form of administration, but when used frequently applied to ears or bare skin (no fur or can’t lick easily). 5,10 Often used for pain relief from rashes, joint stiffness, and muscle aches but with unknown effectiveness, 5 and can sometimes cause a skin reaction. 4
What is full spectrum CBD oil vs CBD Isolate?
When dog owners were asked about observed side effects of canine cannabis products, they commonly noted sedation, increased appetite, and dry mouth. Less frequently, they noted lack of energy, vomiting, and panic. 6,7 US veterinarians with experience using canine CBD products noted sedation, vomiting, increased appetite, anxiety, diarrhea, decreased heart rate, and anorexia as some of the more commonly seen side effects. 8
Encapsulated oil or powder, administered orally. Oil is more readily absorbed, as CBD is lipophilic (fat soluble). 38 Takes a bit longer (30-60 min) than pure oil to be absorbed and see effects. 36 Can select desired dose from a variety of available options. Can be hidden in treats for ease of consumption. 5