Learn how to choose the best cannabis seeds for indoor growing and achieve large harvests of resinous flowers from your grow. Navigating the cannabis seed market can be tricky from a legal perspective. Get the answer to your top questions about buying cannabis seeds today. Selecting your seeds is the first very important step in becoming a pro cannabis grower. We've got the low-down on how to select quality seeds.
How to Choose Cannabis Seeds for Indoor Growing
Starting an indoor grow can seem overwhelming if you’ve never done it before. Choosing the right strain is definitely one of the most important aspects, and some brand-new growers can become lost along the many different offers on the current market. Keep reading in order to learn everything you need to know in order to choose the best strain for your indoor grow.
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You’ve probably taken hours or even days to choose the right seeds for your grow before. This is actually quite expected, and luckily there’s an endless amount of cannabis strains. Do you know how to choose the right cannabis seeds for indoor growing?
Out catalogue includes strains from some of the best seed banks, high quality strains that were created thanks to the work put into crossing and selecting by breeders; strains chosen due to their exceptional characteristics and transfer these traits to their descendance.
Nowadays, after decades of breeding, quality standards have set quite the bar, which is why you should always choose a strain that adapts to your needs. Let’s have a look at a step-by-step guide in order to make the process easier.
Cannabis Seeds for Indoor Growing: Types of Seeds
Years ago, we used to have quite an issue finding the right cannabis seeds that would germinate correctly, and figuring out if seeds were good or not. These used to be basic issues decades ago, but with the appearance of seed banks, and with years’ worth of work, growers no longer have to worry about such issues.
Currently, all seed banks guarantee germination if the process is done correctly. They also do germination tests before selling their seeds in order to guarantee a 99% success rate for growers.
The key question is what seeds should you grow indoors? Before growing a certain strain, make sure to choose it based on your needs, preferences and abilities; this will make sure that you’re happy with your harvest.
There are various types of seeds that can be classified y sex and their main qualities.
- Photoperiod: which is to say, they have growth and flowering cycles that depend on the amount of light received.
This type of plant needs, ideally, 18h light and 6h darkness during the growth stage (which should be at least a month), 12h of light and 12h of darkness during the flowering period.
In countries which are along the equator or near it, where they have 12h of light all year round, photoperiod cannabis plants will grow until they’re adults* (approx. 1 month) and they’ll begin to flower, meaning that autoflowering plants are of little use in these areas.
*A way to stop plants from growing too small in such areas is to use artificial lighting to complement the lost hours of light up to 18h, allowing them to keep growing. You don’t need to use an incredibly potent light for this, as what you’re doing is essentially tricking your plants, simulating the daytime.
- Autoflowering: these plants start to flower automatically from the second – fourth week onwards, regardless of the amount of light that they receive.
These plants are ideal for outdoor growers or indoor growers that don’t have much space. In countries such as Spain, where there’s a reduction in daylight towards the middle/end of summer, which tells the plant it should flower, autoflowering plants allow you to harvest while your photoperiod cannabis plants finish growing or flowering.
Usually, autoflowering plants should be ready to harvest after around two and a half to three months.
It’s true that autoflowering plants, because they have less growth time, can end up much smaller than photoperiod plants, which means that they tend to produce less. This is why, in indoor grows we recommend planting fast-flowering photoperiod plants, as you’ll be able to harvest larger amounts of possibly high-quality flowers in less time.
Some growers plant autoflowering strains indoors, although in order to make the most of them, they use 20h of light when growing, which makes for a larger electric bill but also larger yields than photoperiod plants.
Autoflowering plants can also be feminized or regular.
Regular Cannabis Seeds for Indoor Growing
Regular Seeds are those which produce both female and male plants. Remember, if wat you’re looking for is to obtain buds without seeds, you’re only interested in female plants. Once you can distinguish the plants’ sex, you’ll need to get rid of the male plants. In this case, we don’t particularly recommend this type of seed, as you can waste a lot of space and time in the process.
However, this type of seed is ideal for those growers who would like to make their own hybrids; if you want to research and make your own seeds by crossing your favourite strains, regular seeds are your best choice.
When cannabis seeds first began to be commercialized, they were all regular.
As we were saying before, regular seeds can be either photoperiod or autoflowering.
Caution! Don’t confuse regular seeds with brand seeds. In some places in South America (such as Argentina) people call seeds created by seed banks “regular” seeds; until recently many people planted seeds that they got from homegrown or bought flowers. -Some regular seeds can produce female plants, which produce flowers, as well as male plants (like the one shown above), which produce male flowers full of pollen which are designed to pollenate the female flowers and create seeds.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds for Indoor Growing
- These are the most used seeds by growers and those which we recommend for beginner growers.
- If you’re looking to obtain flowers, you can grow feminized seeds.
- You won’t have male plants to get rid of, so you can use up all of your available space in order to grow female plants. This is great for urban indoor or outdoor grows, where space is incredibly important.
- Additionally, if you grow feminized seeds you can save on soil and fertilizers used for male plants when germinated until you get rid of them.
- Feminized plants are the same in quality as female regular seeds, even though many people believe the myth that they’re lower in quality.
Among feminized seeds, we can also find photoperiod seeds and autoflowering seeds rich in THC, CBD, as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes.
Seeds Rich in THC
For decades now, the demands of growers and consumers regarding the cannabis market has caused seed banks to specialize in high-THC strains that produce different aromas and flavours.
Via these combinations and selections, they’ve managed to generally increase the levels of THC found in cannabis plants. Analysis done in labs indicate that this cannabinoid has increased in most strains, going from 10 – 15% to 20 -25% approx. in a few decades.
This is the most well-known cannabinoid in cannabis, and it produces a psychoactive effect that is also medicinal.
However, effects produced by cannabis strains don’t only depend on the amount of THC in their buds.
For example, two strains could exist with the exact same proportion of THC. One may have stimulating effects and the other may have more relaxing effects. This is due to what’s called the entourage effect which is produced alongside other cannabinoids (CBG, CBD, CBN) and terpenes (Limonene, Pinene, Caryophyllene etc) which are also found in cannabis plants.
There are many strains which high THC levels, and as we were saying, most of them have THC levels over 18%. Among those with the highest THC content, you’ll find some particularly well-known strains such as Purple Punch, Mimosa EVO, TNT Kush, or Y Griega. Many consumers are looking for a strain high in THC, and although most of them contain over 18% of this cannabinoid, breeders are beginning to specialize in strains rich in other cannabinoids such as CBD or THCV.
Seeds Rich in CBD
A few years ago, it was discovered that there are some strains that, instead of containing high amounts of THC and high psychoactivity, have high CBD (Cannabidiol) contents, and a very low or almost non-existent psychoactive effect, and it’s been researched ever since.
CBD has quite the medicinal value, not just thanks to its multiple properties but also because it allows those who don’t tolerate THC well to benefit from cannabis.
It has been shown throughout many studies that this cannabinoid is efficient in regards to fighting stress, anxiety, inflammation, pains and aches, nicotine addiction and others, dermatitis, migraines and many other issues.
As of now, there are a wide range of products available that contain CBD, on a constantly expanding market; flowers, derivates, vaping liquids and much more, and many more seed banks are also offering more of this particular type of seed.
- Their effects allow you to go about your daily business without the mental confusion caused by THC.
- They can help you to reset your THC tolerance; if you’ve been consuming cannabis for a while and it seems like it’s no longer having an effect or that you may be experiencing anxiety with THC strains, you can consume CBD for a while to take a break.
- Even consumers that are used to consuming THC can benefit from CBD to alleviate anxiety or help sleep easier.
- THC:CBD 1:1 Ratio
This ratio includes seeds that produce flowers with a balanced THC and CBD content, which is to say, 50/50%.
The psychoactive effect produced by this type of flower is moderate to low, and much softer. According to many medicinal consumers, it’s the best ratio for treating pain such as anxiety, autism, fibromyalgia, pain and for stimulating the appetite.
It’s also apt for recreational users and chronic consumers that are looking for cannabis that allows them to stay active during the day and get their work done.
- THC:CBD 1:2 Ratio
With this ratio you’ll be consuming strains with twice as much CBD than THC. This is the best ratio if you’re a medicinal or therapeutic consumer that needs more CBD but still a certain amount of THC.
Additionally, this ratio produces quite a soft psychoactive effect in consumers that aren’t used to cannabis. This type of strain is generally quite sought-after by therapeutic and medicinal consumers.
Some of the most well-known strains within this ratio due to their quality and how easy they are to grow are Jamaican Dream CBD, Green Poison CBD or Ice Cool CBD.
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- THC:CBD 1:20 Ratio
Within this ratio you can find strains with minimum amounts of THC and high amounts of CBD. These strains don’t produce any type of psychoactive effect and they’re the best for patients that only need CBD.
They’re also useful for recreational consumers looking for a strain that satisfies their need to smoke while letting up on the THC for a while.
These strains are also ideal for consumers that don’t enjoy or like the effects of THC but like the favour of cannabis itself.
Some of the best strains in this group are: Only CBD, CBD Charlotte’s Angel and Sweet Pure CBD.
Autoflowering strains, also called autos or automatic, contain Ruderalis in their genes, a type of cannabis that grows naturally near the river Volga and in other areas with generally bad weather conditions or few hours of daylight.
Ruderalis plants have the particularity that they flower in short periods of time, regardless of the hours of daylight they receive. These plants, which produce almost no psychoactive effect, have been crossed with potent commercial strains designed to produce strains that don’t depend on the light to flower and are ready to harvest approximately 60 – 80 days after germination.
As we were saying before in this post, these strains are ideal for fast outdoor harvests, while your photoperiod plants go through their necessary growth and flowering cycles.
Why shouldn’t you grow autoflowering seeds indoors?
In order to produce a decent amount of flowers, autoflowering strains need at least 18 hours of light a day during the entire process, growth and flowering. In as far as yield and effect, these strains tend to be lesser than most non autoflowering plants, even regular autoflowering seeds.
The carbon footprint produced by those extra 6 hours and the extra money required to simply turn your lots on is not worth it. Autoflowering strains are idea for growing outdoors, but they don’t make sense to grow in a grow tent that’s tall/large enough for photoperiod plants considering the amount of fast-flowering plants that exist.
If you don’t have much space to grow indoors and you can’t grow photoperiod plants even if you prune them, autoflowering plants can be highly useful when it comes to having some cannabis from your own harvest. One of the issues that autoflowering plants have is that due to the fact that they flower regardless of the amount of light they get, you won’t be able to take clones or cuttings to keep mother plants like you can with photoperiod plants.
Just One Strain or Multiple Strains?
One of the most common mistakes made by cannabis growers, especially beginners, is to grow different cannabis strains in the one setting.
It’s a common occurrence for there to be differences between plants grown from the same seed; they’re sisters, not clones, and they’re living beings that each get similar conditions but they’re not identical. Therefore, it’s safe to assume that there’s a much larger difference between plants grown from different seed strains.
Although it’s true that there are certain strains that, thanks to their structure, flowering time and nutritional needs, fit well with each other (such as Critical and Jamaican Dream); the easiest set up is to plant one strain on each growing area or grow tent.
If you plant different strains they’ll grow at a different rhythm and height, and depending on the chosen strains it may be complicated to correctly place your lighting. Plus, some plants will be ready to harvest earlier than others, so you’ll end up needing to use your lighting to maintain the last few plants, putting off your next round of plants. You’ll also be spending more on the electric bill and getting lower yields, which is exactly what you don’t want.
We recommend growing just one strain each time or choosing different strains with similar characteristics in as far as growing and structure. Even though it’s usually difficult to plant different strains in the same grow, there are strains such as Jamaican Dream and Critical or Jamaican Dream and Lemon King, which have similar structures and flowering times. The image above shows Jamaican Dream flowering indoors.
Important Characteristics for Cannabis Seeds for Indoor Growing
Knowing how to choose the right strain isn’t that hard; let’s have a look at some of the essential characteristics that you’ll need to take into account.
Out seed catalogue includes a filter so that you can search for strains depending on sex, flowering times, entourage effect, strength, flavour and other characteristics.
The type of effect produced is an aspect to keep in mind when it comes to choosing your cannabis seeds for indoor growing, even more so than the intensity of the high. This means that, apart from strength, you should also consider the type of effect produced by each strain and the fact that this is determined by their amount of cannabinoids and terpene profiles.
In our seed descriptions you’ll find a list of effects produced by each strain. Let’s have a look at the main effects produced by THC rich cannabis plants, as we’ve already talked about CBD-rich strains in this post.
If you would enjoy a mentally psychoactive, active, stimulating and creative effect, you can choose between classics such as Amnesia Haze, Jamaican Dream or Super Silver Haze. These sativas are some of the best for consuming during the day, activities outdoors etc.
If you’re looking for an even more electric and hyperactive effect, you can try out strains such as Psicodelicia, Malawi or High Level.
If you would prefer a euphoric effect with more of a physical high than the previous strains, we recommend Neville’s Haze, Moby Dick or Jack Herer.
Among strains with stimulating effects that aren’t too potent, you can find some gems such as Monster or Tangerine Dream.
More balanced effects can be found in strains such as Black Dream, Skunk 1 or Green Poison; hybrids with approx. 50% sativa and 50% indica.
If you want to relax while you enjoy light euphoria and potent physical effects, you’ll need to choose between Indica-dominant hybrids with a hint of sativa, such as Gorilla Candy, Critical Widow, Channel+ or Mohan Ram. This type of strain produces possibly the most pleasing effect among indica-dominant strains; they are relaxing but they won’t couch lock you after a couple of drags. The ideal high to get rid of stress at the end of the day and enjoy pleasing sensations.
And lastly, within THC-rich strains, if you’re looking for relaxing and narcotic effects you can find it in potent indica strains such as Black Domina, Cream Caramel or Purple Kush; strains that will relax you to the point of inducing sleep. Definitely the best strains for towards the end of the day. Many growers are on the lookout for the most potent cannabis seeds. Keep in mind that the strength of a strain doesn’t just depend on its THC. It also depends on its terpene profile (aromatic profile) and other cannabinoids.
Flavours and Aromas (Terpenes)
As we have already mentioned, the aroma and flavour of each cannabis strain is determined by the proportion of different terpenes in their buds. This, as well as modifying the effect of cannabinoids, also provides unique experiences with each drag, offering a never-ending combination of aromas.
The flavour and aroma of each strain is one of the most highly appreciated characteristics when it comes to choosing the right strain.
*Growing tip for better flavours: in order to conserve the original flavour of each strain we recommend using bio or bio-mineral fertilizers.
Main Cannabis Aromas
Just like with wine and coffee, in order to describe aromas there are certain flavours that are referenced.
Citric flavours which are similar to fruit are quite common among cannabis strains (as they share many terpenes in common).
- Lemon: present in many stimulating strains (classified as Sativa-dominant) such as Lemon King, Lemon Skunk or Lemon Tree.
- Orange: such as Orange Sherbet, with a fruity hint that’s also present in California Orange.
- Mandarine: many strains classified as “Diesel” have hints of mandarine in their aroma, such as the delicious Tangie, Cream Mandarine XL and Red Mandarine F1 Fast Version.
- Pomegranate: this bittersweet aroma is found in some strains such as Grapefruit, completing its aroma with a hint of fruit, or Jack White, which also has hints of incense.
- Strawberry: another flavour that you can find in certain strains is strawberry. For example, strains such as Furious Candy or Strawberry Lemonade have delicious aromatic hints of strawberry.
- Banana: over the last decade, many famous strains have been created with banana aromas such as Tropicanna Banana, Banana Krumble or Strawberry Banana Auto.
- Haze: these strains are usually a combination of citric aromas (such as lemon or lime) with hints of incense, spices and fruits. Some of the best strains that best represent this aroma are Super Lemon Haze, with an intense lemon aroma with hints of pomegranate and spices, or Gipsy Haze, with a strong lime aroma with hints of incense and mango.
- Diesel: this group of strains is known for their citric aroma (usually similar to mandarine) and combination of gas or diesel-like flavours. Some of the most famous strains in this group are Sour Diesel or Ice Cool.
- Kush: the range of Kush aromas goes from more earthy to citric aromas with hints of pine, although all of them have a common flavour due to their high content in the terpene b-Caryophyllene and pungent, citric aromas produced by Limonene and Pinene among others.
- Skunk: these old-school strains are characterized by their intense fruit aroma with citric hints. Some of the most famous European strains such as Cheese, Skunk 1 or Super Skunk, Triple Cheese or Critical fall into this group.
- Fruity, sweet flavours such as Critical King or Blueberry (an absolute classic) or tropical fruity flavours such as Txomango or Pineapple Express.
- Wood and other dryer flavours are also quite popular and can be found combined with different aromas such as Arjan’s Haze 1 or strawberry like Veneno.
- Nutty aromas are also highly appreciated in many strains, such as the legendary Northern Lights, the potent Thai hybrid Sweet Tai or the famous Super Bud.
- Caramel or candy-like flavours are also incredibly popular, among which you can find Sweet Zenzation, which has delicious fruit caramel flavours, or the mythical Cream Caramel, combining sweet, deep and fresh earthy flavours, or Mimosa X Orange Punch, which has an orange and mandarine caramel flavour.
- Over the last decade, many breeders have created strains with intensely sweet and dessert-like flavours. There are many strains with such flavours, such as Biscotti Mintz which tastes deliciously of cookies, chocolate and mint, Purple Punch, with delicious apple pastel flavours, or Blueberry Muffin which tastes deliciously of blueberry.
Growth strength, flowering times, reaction to stress, extra growth during the flowering period… these are all things that you need to keep in mind when choosing these seeds.
Depending on the growing conditions that are available to you, you’ll need to choose the strain that best fits your needs and limits.
If this is the first time you’re growing cannabis, we recommend looking for seeds to test out that do well with stress and have short flowering times.
Now that you know how to choose your seeds, the next step is to germinate them.
A guide to buying cannabis seeds
The first couple months of the year is a great time to start planning your cannabis garden to get a head start on the outdoor growing season, which roughly runs from March to November, depending on where you live.
Navigating the cannabis seed market can be challenging when states have different degrees of legality. This guide will answer your questions on buying seeds so you can be on your way to growing your own cannabis.
Is it legal to buy marijuana seeds?
Marijuana seeds are considered a cannabis product just like flower, edibles, and concentrates. Their legality depends on which state you live in. People living in states with adult-use legalization can buy, produce, and sell seeds within their own state, but seeds can’t cross state lines. People living in states with medical marijuana legalization can only buy seeds if they have a medical card.
Seed banks exist outside of the US and can sell them for “souvenir purposes,” but it is illegal to bring seeds into the US and Customs will seize any cannabis seeds they find in packages or on a person.
An update on laws that affect buying weed seeds
In April 2022, the DEA released a letter clarifying the legality of cannabis seeds. A lawyer wrote the DEA, arguing that because a cannabis seed itself contains less than 0.3% THC, they should be considered hemp, which was legalized in 2018.
The lawyer’s argument was that the material itself—the seed—was less than 0.3% THC, whereas the law has always considered weed seeds illegal because they will turn into a cannabis plant that will have more than 0.3% THC.
The DEA wrote back to the lawyer agreeing, and saying that if a marijuana seed contains less than 0.3% THC, it is not a controlled substance.
However, the letter from the DEA is an “official determination” and not law. The legality of buying and transporting cannabis seeds across state lines is still murky, but the DEA’s position does pave the way for more relaxed laws on weed seeds.
Where can I buy cannabis seeds?
Many world-renowned seed banks are overseas in the Netherlands, the UK, Spain, and other countries where cannabis laws are less restricted, and in recent times, quality seeds banks have popped in legal states in the US. Seed banks provide seeds from a variety of different breeders.
In states with adult-use legalization or a medical marijuana program, you can buy seeds within your own state, either at a dispensary or through a specific seed company’s website.
Can you buy cannabis seeds online?
Before you purchase seeds online, you’ll need to figure out what strain you want to grow and what breeder you want to buy from.
Because US federal law still technically prohibits cannabis (see update on laws that affect buying weed seeds, above), it can be hard to find information on seed banks and breeders. Breeders who have a long history and positive reputation are usually a good place to start.
Check out our explainer and buying guide to cannabis seed banks for more info on buying seeds.
To get an idea of what well-established breeders look like, check out:
You can also do some research and find an online grow journal that details the whole growing process of a specific strain from a particular breeder. Through these, you’ll be able to look over another grower’s specific notes and see pictures of the final results.
If you grow some seeds and like the results, try growing another strain from that same breeder and see how it goes.
Do dispensaries sell cannabis seeds?
Some dispensaries in medical and adult-use states sell seeds, but not all. Be sure to check or call ahead to see if they sell seeds. Buying marijuana seeds at the dispensary is far more straightforward, however, your options will be more limited than shopping online.
Dispensary staff should be able to give you information on the seeds they’re selling, but keep in mind that a lot of dispensaries focus on selling flower and consumable products. It’s a good idea to call ahead and talk to staff to see if they are knowledgeable about seeds and can give you specific information on growing.
How to look for quality genetics when buying marijuana seeds
Breeders talk about “unstable genetics,” meaning that a seed’s origin is unknown. Make sure that when you buy a packet of seeds that it or the breeder who produced them can list where the seeds came from and how they were crossed and/or backcrossed to get the seed that you hold in your hand. If you can’t get a seed’s history, it could be anything and the result of poor breeding practices.
An inexperienced breeder might cross a male and a female one time and sell the resulting seeds as a new hybrid strain, but professional breeders usually put their strains through several rounds of backcrossing to stabilize genetics and ensure consistent plants that reflect those genetics.
Which marijuana strain should I grow?
Even one weed plant can produce a lot of buds come harvest time, so make sure you grow a strain you like. Note strains you enjoy when you pick something up at the dispensary or smoke with friends, and look for seeds of it when you want to start growing.
Some strains are easier to grow than others because they are more resistant to mold and pests, so if you’re new to growing, you may want to try an easier strain to start.
Some strains also take longer to grow than others. Depending on whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, you may want to grow a quick-finishing marijuana strain if you live in a climate that gets cold and wet early in the season. For example, indicas are known for having a shorter flowering time than sativas.
Check out our lists of different marijuana strains to choose a strain to grow.
What’s the difference between regular, feminized, and autoflower seeds?
Regular cannabis seeds
If you buy a packet of regular seeds, they’ll come with a mix of males and females. A lot of cultivators prefer to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed—essentially inbred—as much as feminized or autoflower seeds.
You’ll need to sex out the seeds once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase and discard the males—because they don’t produce buds and will pollenate females, resulting in seeded bud.
What are feminized cannabis seeds?
Seeds can come feminized, meaning you can just put them in soil and start growing for buds. These seeds are guaranteed to be bud-producing females and growing them cuts out the step of having to sex out plants and discard the males.
It also reduces the risk of having a stray male sneak into your crop—just one male can pollinate a huge crop, causing your females to focus their energies on producing seeds instead of buds.
What are autoflower cannabis seeds?
Autoflower plants change from the vegetative to flowering state with age, not the changing of their light cycle. They have a short grow-to-harvest time and can be ready to harvest in as little as 2 ½ to 3 months from when you put the seeds in the ground.
The downside is that, typically, they are less potent, but autoflower seeds are great for people who want to grow cannabis but don’t want to spend a lot of time doing it.
How much do marijuana seeds cost?
Cannabis seeds usually come in a pack of 10 or 12 seeds and start at around $40 a pack and go up from there. Some high-end genetics can run between $200 to $500 a pack.
Feminized and autoflower seeds will cost more because more breeding work was put in to create them, and they take less time for the grower to get buds.
How many cannabis seeds should I buy? Are they all going to survive?
When you grow any amount of seeds, a percentage of them won’t germinate, even if you get them from a reputable breeder. Always count on a few not germinating or dying off, or roughly 1/4 of the total you put in the ground.
When growing regular seeds, some won’t germinate and some will have to be discarded because they’ll turn out to be males. With feminized seeds, some won’t germinate, but a higher percentage of them will turn into flowering plants because there won’t be any males.
If you want six total cannabis plants to harvest for buds and are growing from regular seeds, start with about 9 or 10 seeds. Some won’t germinate and some will turn out to be males, and then you’ll want to discard down to the six best phenotypes.
If growing feminized seeds, you can probably start with a couple more seeds, 7 or 8. A couple won’t germinate, and then discard down to the six best phenotypes.
Make sure to always stay within your state’s legal limit of growing plants.
How do I buy strain-specific cannabis seeds?
Strains like Blue Dream, Gelato, and Original Glue have gained in popularity in recent years. Check out these resources on how to buy these types of cannabis seeds:
Cannabis seed buying FAQ
What is the difference between male and female marijuana seeds?
Gender in a cannabis plant can’t be determined from looking at the seed; the seed has to sprout and mature in order to determine the sex of a plant. Only females produce buds, whereas male plants produce pollen.
Why do you have to germinate seeds first?
Germination is the first essential phase of a cannabis plant’s life, when it first sprouts and grows leaves. Growers looking to bypass seeds and germination can start from a cannabis clone.
What’s the best way to store cannabis seeds?
Store seeds in a dry, airtight container, so moisture can’t get in. If storing for a long time, keep them in a fridge or freezer.
Will customs confiscate my cannabis seeds?
Despite the DEA’s letter from April 2022, cannabis seeds are technically still illegal and will be confiscated if found on a person or in the mail.
How to Choose the Best Seeds for Planting Cannabis
There are all kinds of techniques people use when it comes to growing premium bud. Some people have their tried-and-true methods that they swear by while others are still in the trial-and-error period of their growing journey. Regardless of skill level, when it comes to growing a flourishing crop, the first place to begin when choosing to grow cannabis plants is with knowing how to properly select quality seeds.
Seeds that are not mature are typically small with a greenish hue and soft shell. Good, healthy seeds will be more greyish to brown with speckles and have a glossy appearance free from cracks. They are typically bigger in size as well. Seeds that are very dark or near black and appear to be dull may be old. To avoid immature seeds or aged seeds, try not to purchase seeds that have recently been harvested as well as those that have been kept in storage for long amounts of time.
Fresh seeds have a high germination rate that drops dramatically over time — from 90 percent down to 20 percent after three or four years. Excellent seeds are the cornerstone of successful plant growth because each one contains the genetic material that determines certain characteristics like size, shape and potency.
The strain of the seed determines what type of effects will be experienced after consumption. Indica and sativa are the two main strains that have distinct characteristic. Indica strains are known for their physical effects, with a noted body high and deep relaxation being the most commonly reported feelings, while sativas provide a cerebral buzz often associated with increased sensitivity to sights and sounds. Most seeds are hybrid strains that are either more indica-dominant or sativa-dominant.
It’s helpful to consider how long it will take plants to grow before picking out seeds. After deciding whether to grow indoors or outdoors, calculate the amount of time estimated for a plant to come to full maturation. Most plants take between seven and nine weeks until they are ready to be harvested, although indica plants tend to grow a little bit faster than sativas.
Deciding on a location for where the plants will grow make a huge difference in the success of failure of a crop. Seeds must be properly suited for the intended growing environment. There are benefits and drawbacks to both indoor and outdoor growing. Conditions for indoor plants are typically more temperate because they aren’t subject to fluctuating weather, but can be a financial burden due to high electricity bills from artificial lights. Growing plants outdoors helps cut costs by utilizing the sun as a free power source but leaves plants more susceptible to bugs and pests.
There are several advantages to growing plants from seeds. Cloned plants can transfer diseases to the next generation of plants whereas seeds are free from viruses, diseases and pests. Plants grown from seeds also exhibit slight genetic variation, so growers can choose the best plants out of a crop instead of possibly growing uniformly mediocre plants from a single mother plant.
Lastly, it’s important to make purchases from a reputable source or dealer who specializes in providing fresh, mature seeds. Because growing cannabis is an investment of time and money, it’s worth the effort to track down the best seeds commercially available. Once a trusted company is located, practice careful consideration, high selectivity and patience before making any choices. Being picky during this process will definitely pay off.