How To Add Thc To CBD Oil

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How to mix your CBD flower with THC flower. Battle the issues with too strong cannabis by mixing in some CBD flower. Learn everything there is to know about THC tinctures. Find out what they are, how you can make them, and how to dose and use them at Leafly. Cannabis oil is an easy way to get the health benefits of cannabis, and it’s easy to make at home. Learn how to make cannabis oil with our at-home recipe.

Mixing CBD flower with THC flower — CBD:THC Ratios

Undeniably, there are many people who enjoy smoking hemp and/or cannabis either on their own, or mixed with tobacco, but it’s becoming more and more common to hear of people mixing CBD with THC for their joints.

If you’re wondering how to mix hemp with cannabis, then you’re in the right place as we explain the benefits of using CBD and THC together, as well as the best CBD:THC ratio for your next preroll.

  • Mixing CBD and THC Together
  • CBD vs THC
  • The Benefits of Mixing
  • The Perfect CBD:THC Ratio
  • How To Mix Hemp With Cannabis

Mixing CBD Flower with THC Flower

After being prohibited for nearly 100 years, hemp is experiencing somewhat of a renaissance period and while it has a great number of useful applications, it’s the cannabinoid content in CBD hemp flower that has stolen much of the media’s attention thus far.

Smokable hemp has become increasingly popular since its legalization, for the perceived health benefits of CBD, as well as the unique and enjoyable user experience it offers.

The majority of people who are smoking THC cannabis are also doing so for the same reasons. Either for the benefits, or for the unique and enjoyable (although very different) user experience, so what can possibly be gained from mixing the two? Does CBD counteract THC? And if so, why mix them together?

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CBD vs THC

Both CBD and THC are reported to possess numerous health benefits, not to mention all of the other cannabinoids that can be found in both hemp and cannabis.

The biggest difference between these two popular cannabinoids is that THC will get you high and CBD will not. The high associated with THC usually makes people feel euphoric and relaxed, but it can also lead to undesirable effects in some people, such as feelings of paranoia and panic .

When THC enters the bloodstream, it directly binds itself to cannabinoid receptors throughout the nervous system and brain, sparking off a series of chemical changes that lead to feelings of altered consciousness (intoxication). This is true for both Delta-9 THC (found in cannabis) and Delta-8 THC (federally legal when derived from hemp).

CBD, on the other hand, is slightly more mysterious and rather than bind to any receptors it stimulates them, causing our body to produce its own cannabinoids, namely anandamide (also known as our bliss chemical).

On top of this, CBD also appears to target other receptors in the body including those for serotonin (regulates mood, memory, and sleep), TRPV1 (regulates perception of pain), GPR55 (regulates anxiety), and PPAR (regulates metabolism).

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Benefits of Using CBD and THC Together

Before explaining the amounts of hemp and cannabis you should be mixing together, let’s take a look at some of the main benefits that can be enjoyed by pairing them.

1. Enhanced Effects

The majority of people who enjoy mixing CBD with THC, do so for the enhanced effects that can be achieved thanks to the entourage effect.

The term entourage effect was originally used back in 1998 by the Granddaddy of cannabis research, Dr Raphael Mechoulam. Having studied the cannabis plant for over 50 years, he noticed that greater, more enhanced effects were achieved when cannabinoids were consumed synergistically, with each other, as well as with other plant matter.

A study published in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management found that a patient group given a combination of THC and CBD together, experienced better relief from pain and discomfort and improved sleep, than either of the patient groups who received THC-only or placebos.

Several animal studies have also concluded that CBD and THC work synergistically, one of which even went so far as to test different ratios, finding that a 1:1 ratio of CBD:THC was the most effective.

2. Reduce the High

Your desire for (or fear of) THC’s effects will most likely have dictated which smoking camp you have sat in, in the past.

But for whatever reason (kids, work or paranoia), many people choose to reduce their THC intake later in life and CBD is a much healthier and beneficial alternative to a tobacco mix.

THC’s ability and CBD’s inability to intoxicate isn’t the only difference between these two cannabinoids.

One of the other standout features of CBD is its neuroprotective properties. Not only does CBD not get you high, but much anecdotal evidence suggests that it also counteracts some of the more negative intoxicating effects of THC.

Scientists and academics seem to be in agreement too. For example, a paper published in 2012 in the Journal of Pharmacology discussed how CBD reduced feelings of paranoia and memory impairment that was caused by THC.

Selective breeding of cannabis over the years has resulted in much of the market being flooded with incredibly high THC strains that have little or no CBD content left in them. The cannabis of today is a far cry from what our parents may have been smoking ‘back in the day’, but by mixing our hemp and cannabis together, we can enjoy a much more natural, reliable, and pleasant experience.

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The Perfect CBD:THC Ratio

You can probably already guess that the more CBD involved in the mix, the less intoxicated you’ll feel and vice versa.

Below you’ll find some of the more common ratios you’re likely to come across. Once you’ve figured out where you comfortably stand on the “highness to sobriety” sliding scale, you can skip on ahead to the How to Mix Hemp With Cannabis section lower down in the article.

CBD:THC – 1:1

A ratio of 1:1 is considered to be the golden ratio of CBD to THC (even according to the scientists!).

If you consume this perfect ratio then you should expect to feel obvious psychoactive effects from the THC.

The high you feel, however, will be considerably less than if you’d consumed no CBD at all and any negative feelings such as paranoia and anxiety will be considerably reduced.

CBD:THC – 2:1

At a two to one ratio, users will still certainly notice a high feeling, but not enough to feel intoxicated or completely overwhelmed by the feeling.

A 2:1 ratio will most likely leave you feeling uplifted and creative, without any negative feelings that may come with THC intoxication.

CBD:THC – 8:1

An 8:1 ratio is perfect for daytime users that need to stay in high functioning mode.

Although a very light high may be felt, there won’t be any impairment to your productivity or functionality.

CBD:THC – 20:1

This ratio has just a very small amount of THC in it and is recommended to first-time cannabis users that wish to enjoy the entourage effects of the two cannabinoids working together, but with absolutely no high feeling at all.

CBD:THC – 1:0

This ratio is effectively describing just the smokable hemp on its own and is the best option for anyone who wants no risk of a high while experiencing the benefits of the hemp plant.

100% CBD hemp flower has become more popular over the past years as a cognitive enhancer and as a way to remedy specific physical, mental and behavioural difficulties. We have listed it as 1:0 although it does in fact contain trace amounts of THC. For a true zero-percent THC experience try our CBD sleep gummies.

How To Mix Hemp With Cannabis

Ok, so you know your ideal hemp to cannabis ratio. In fact, you may even have a couple of different strengths in mind for different uses (daytime/nighttime), but before you start mixing and smoking, don’t forget that some people are much more sensitive to THC than others, so if you’re relatively new to all this, start low and go slow!

There are two different ways you could approach your mixing of the two herbs:

The Easy Way – Pair by Potency

By far, the easiest way to mix your dream ratio of hemp with cannabis is to choose two strains that are similarly potent. To achieve the golden 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD, then you would just have to use half hemp and half cannabis. Easy.

It will also be much easier to mix up any of the other ratios you might desire to best suit your differing daytime, nighttime, and weekend routines.

When the strains possess similar potency, you just need to weigh up (or eye up) two, eight or 20 parts of CBD flower for every one part of THC flower. However, if you’re not scared of a bit of math then it may be better to pair your hemp and cannabis in a different way…

The Better Way – Pair by Effect

Hemp and cannabis strain pairing, in our humble opinion, is better done by following your nose.

In other words, decide which terpenes are most desirable to you and then choose both your hemp and cannabis strains to compliment your ideal terpene blend, whether it be invigorating and uplifting, or to help you relax and shut off from the world. Learn more about Indica and Sativa hemp flower here.

If you don’t pair your strains in this way, then you run the risk of each of the strain’s terpenes actually working against each other, potentially negating that part of the user experience.

As we said, you will need to do a bit of math to work out the correct amounts of hemp and cannabis that you’ll need to achieve your ideal ratio, but once you’ve worked it out you can make a note of your numbers so you don’t have to do it again!

It’s also good to premix batches of hemp and cannabis together to save you from calculating and weighing it out each time.

Cannabis tinctures 101: How to make, consume, and dose them

In the landscape of cannabis innovations, including rosin vape pens, transdermal topicals, and nanotechnology beverages, tried-and-true classic products can get overlooked.

One of the first innovations in plant medicine, with documentation as far back as 1025 in The Al-Qanoon fi al Tibb, aka, The Canon of Medicine, was the tincture. In the millennium since, there have been innumerable innovations, but we’re here to say that good weed and a good product never go out of style.

What is a cannabis tincture?

A tincture in the most basic sense is a cannabis extract, in which a liquid is infused with cannabis, meant for sublingual consumption, not vaporization or smoking. The cannabis plant soaks in a base liquid, such as food-grade alcohol, glycerin, or even oil, and after days of steeping, the plant matter is strained out and—voilà! The cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds have melded with the base liquid, ready to dose and consume.

Technically, the term “tincture” specifically refers to an alcohol-based product and one made with oil or glycerin is an “infusion,” but we’re using it as an umbrella term here.

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In the adult-use market, tinctures typically come in 1 fl oz (30mL) glass bottles with droppers to administer low and consistent doses. Because they are not considered a food item, they can exceed the 100 mg THC cap on edibles in many markets.

Tinctures may not seem as fun or innovative as a gummy or a dab, but they have a multitude of health benefits while still offering a comfortable, intoxicating experience.

Tincture vs. edibles

While both tinctures and edibles require ingestion to work, they enter the bloodstream via different bodily systems and will have distinct effects.

Edibles require digestion and are processed in the stomach and liver, and enzymes in the liver enhance the effects of ingested THC. Tinctures do not pass through the liver and are absorbed under the tongue, so while the high will be more immediate, it won’t be as strong.

How does a tincture compare to CBD oil?

CBD oils sold in wellness stores and online bear a strong resemblance to tinctures, but the two differ significantly in some areas.

Namely, a CBD oil not sold in a licensed adult-use or medical marijuana dispensary is typically produced by isolating and extracting CBD from hemp using a solvent, like butane or CO2, and then binding the extract to a carrier oil.

Tinctures are whole plant extracts and even when extracted from compliant hemp plants, they may contain trace amounts of THC.

Additionally, because tinctures are often alcohol-based, they cannot be used as a topical or skin-conditioning product the way CBD oil can. Both, however, can be taken orally to yield CBD’s therapeutic benefits.

Benefits of using cannabis tinctures

While they may not seem as edgy as other consumption methods, tinctures have endured in apothecaries and dispensaries for centuries because they are considered one of the healthiest ways to consume cannabis.

No food allergens or sensitive ingredients

Some brands flavor or enhance tinctures, but you only need the cannabis plant and the base to which it is bound. This means sugar, gluten, gelatin, food coloring, and any other ingredients that may aggravate intolerances or allergies can be avoided.

Discretion

Tinctures at a glance resemble a skincare product or wellness supplement. If sealed, they don’t stink like buds, and they don’t produce smoke or vapor that as with inhalation methods.

Flexible dosing

Tinctures are not beholden to the 100mg edible cap in many markets, so one bottle will last you a lot longer than a tin of gummies or a brownie. You can also control your dose, down to the drop.

Fast-acting

If taken sublingually, tinctures’ effects have a speedier onset than eating an edible, since they absorb through the tissue in the mouth (though it will take a little longer than smoking). This also means tinctures last longer than smoking a joint, but may metabolize faster than an edible made with fats, like baked goods.

Full spectrum

Since tinctures involve soaking the entire cannabis plant, consumers get a myriad of benefits from all the compounds in the plant beyond just THC and/or CBD.

THC tincture dosage guide

This is based on a 300 mg THC, 1 fl oz (30 mL) tincture.

Dosage in ml Approximate dose in mg Effects
0.10 ml 3 mg Microdose for very low intoxication
0.25 ml 7.5 mg Light dose with low intoxication for beginners and sensitive consumers
0.50 ml 15 mg Standard dose with slight intoxication
1 ml 30 mg Higher than average dose for experienced consumers
2 ml 60 mg Potent dose for experienced consumers or patients with serious ailments

How to use or take cannabis tinctures

Cannabis companies operating in legal markets are required by law to include accurate dosing information for ingestible products. If you pick up a tincture from your local dispensary, it will have dosing information on the packaging. Most health and CBD stores also provide this, but THC-free tinctures don’t always go through the same degree of testing.

Your ideal dose will depend on your tolerance, as well as the goal of taking the tincture. If the tincture has been formulated for helping with sleep, you may want a single high dose to ensure sedation. If you intend to use the tincture for general daytime wellness, you may find that multiple microdoses throughout the day may achieve a more uplifting experience.

Rule of thumb, as with anything weed-related, start low and go slow. In a 1 fl oz bottle, one full dropper equates to 1 mL, so we advise starting with a quarter dropper or less if you have a low tolerance or do not regularly consume high amounts of cannabis. You can go for half a dropper if you feel more confident.

For maximum efficacy, use the dropper to deposit the tincture under the tongue, and let it sit for 30 seconds before swallowing.

The mouth has absorbent tissue called oral mucosa, essentially a mucous membrane that lines the inside of cheeks, lips, and under the tongue that helps fight disease and keeps our mouths healthy. It also absorbs tinctures and administers cannabinoids into the bloodstream directly, without going through the stomach or liver.

How long does it take for a cannabis tincture to kick in?

Tinctures typically take effect within 15-30 minutes if left to sit under the tongue for 30-45 seconds. Swallowing a tincture directly can compromise its efficacy as your body won’t absorb it the way it will an edible or food item. Tinctures mixed with food will take longer to take effect, but may yield a more potent high.

Can you cook with tinctures?

Cooking with tinctures depends primarily on the formulation and how you plan to incorporate it into cooking. Since most tinctures contain THC, CBD and/or other cannabinoids that have been decarboxylated, exposing the tincture to high heat via an oven, stove, or boiling water may burn them away, rendering the final food useless from a medicinal standpoint.

However, you can easily add a tincture to the finished dish by incorporating it in a sauce or dressing. They also make good additions to top up cannabis weed tea recipes.

How to make cannabis tinctures

Tinctures are one of the easiest cannabis products to make at home. They require almost little equipment and you don’t need a high level of plant science, but they do need patience.

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The ratio of base to flower will determine how concentrated the tincture is. A tincture made from an ounce of cannabis, for example, should be steeped in about 25 fl oz of base liquid for mild doses once in a 1 fl oz bottle. For a more potent tincture, use less of the base liquid or more weed.

Ingredients

  • Eighth to a half ounce (3.5 – 14 grams) cannabis flower
  • 3 – 12 fl oz. food-grade ethanol, glycerin or a carrier oil, such as coconut oil

Equipment

  • Glass mason jars
  • Coffee filters or a cheesecloth
  • A 1 fl oz glass bottle and dropper cap

Directions

Step 1

Decarboxylate your cannabis. Because no heat is involved in the tincture-making process, you’ll need to activate your buds if you want an intoxicating effect from THC. You’ll need a baking tray, parchment paper, and flower.

Your cannabis should be ground and/or broken down for maximum surface area. Set your oven to between 220-240ºF (going too high will burn away cannabinoids) and lay the cannabis flower on the parchment paper on the tray. Let bake for 30 minutes to no more than an hour—any longer will cook all the good stuff away.

You can leave the plant raw if you prefer to harness the non-intoxicating benefits of THCA and CBDA, the acidic forms of THC and CBD. You may see better results if you grind the bud beforehand.

Step 2

Pour your base and cannabis into a mason jar at your desired ratio; an eighth of cannabis to 3 fl oz solvent yields a fairly mellow and buildable dose. Cut the base amount or increase flower amount by ⅓ for a more potent effect; there needs to be enough of your base for the cannabis to be totally submerged. Stir the contents well.

Step 3

Store your tincture mixture in a cool dry place for at least four weeks, shaking and/or stirring once a day. This agitation helps the base liquid better soak into the flower.

Step 4

Over time, the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes will dissolve (alcohol) or infuse (glycerin) with the base. A longer steep time will yield a more potent tincture.

Strain the mixture through a coffee filter or cheesecloth to remove all plant matter. What you’ll be left with is a dark liquid full of weedy goodness, ready to dose.

Freeze method

Maybe you don’t have weeks to spare to wait for a tincture to infuse, or you don’t like waiting. Here is an alternative recipe that you can do in a day.

Like in ice water hashmaking, freezing the bud before infusion, but after decarboxylation, helps dislodge the cannabinoid-rich trichomes from the plant. This recipe requires the use of alcohol as your tincture’s base.

Step 1

Decarb your cannabis (see above).

Step 2

Freeze the alcohol and cannabis in separate mason jars overnight. This makes the trichomes more brittle and will help the tincture taste less like plant matter.

Step 3

Mix the alcohol and bud in one mason jar. Seal and shake it for one minute.

Step 4

Place the mason jar mixture back in the freezer for five minutes to ensure contents stay cold and frozen.

Step 5

Repeat the shaking of step 3 and step 4 two more times.

Step 6

Strain the mixture through a filter of your choice to separate plant matter.

Step 7

Bottle your tincture and enjoy!

Alcohol, glycerin, oil: Which is the best base?

Historically, tinctures have been made using an alcohol base. Alcohol cuts through the lipids and plant matter in the cannabis plant so the terpenes and cannabinoids dissolve into it.

Alcohol also helps the tincture enter the bloodstream more efficiently compared to glycerin or another oil.

Keep in mind that when we say alcohol, we don’t mean cocktails or the kind of alcohol you use to clean your bongs. One of the most popular options by far is Everclear, a grain alcohol with proofs as high as 190.

Glycerin-based tinctures will be less potent because glycerin—a sugar alcohol often derived from plant oils, like coconut or soybean—doesn’t bind to cannabinoids as well as an ethanol alcohol. Don’t worry, you’ll still reap many of the tincture’s benefits. Glycerin has a sweeter taste than alcohol and won’t irritate your mouth if you have any oral sensitivities.

Oil-based tinctures are ideal if you want a low, manageable dose, but they bind the least efficiently to cannabis compounds. The upside is that if the tincture isn’t to your liking, you can still use it as a skincare and topical product.

This article was originally published June 16, 2016 and is often updated for accuracy and clarity.

How To Add Thc To CBD Oil

Article written by

Tina Magrabi Senior Content Writer

Tina Magrabi is a writer and editor specializing in holistic health. She has written hundreds of articles for Weedmaps where she spearheaded the Ailments series on cannabis medicine. In addition, she has written extensively for the women’s health blog, SafeBirthProject, as well as print publications including Destinations Magazine and Vero’s Voice. Tina is a Yale University alumna and certified yoga instructor with a passion for the outdoors.

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