Compared to olive oil, which contains a saturated fat content of less than 20%, coconut oil contains over 80% saturated fats and thus has the ability to retain far more cannabinoids during infusions, making it far more efficient. Coconut oil is a near-perfect medium for cannabis-infused oils.
Gelatin oil capsules are so simple and easy to make at home—the ingredients can be purchased from just about any pharmacy or online, making for a fun and simple DIY project.
Why is coconut oil popular for cannabis infusion?
Once you’ve got an infusion of coconut oil, the uses are endless!
These fatty acids are found in abundance in coconut oil, making it a top contender for those looking for a healthier oil base than butter or canola oil.
Cannabis oil is the foundation ingredient for ultra-healing homemade topical lotions, ointments, and salves – my favorite way to use it! Both THC and CBD have excellent anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Studies have shown that cannabinoids have the ability to reduce acne, fine lines and wrinkles, soothe redness and irritation, and balance natural skin oils. Also, cannabinoids (THC especially) are analgesic – meaning they reduce pain. I regularly use our homemade cannabis salve on my knees, ankles, and other aching or inflamed joints and muscles.
Follow along with these step-by-step instructions to learn how to make homemade cannabis oil. We’ll also briefly discuss the science behind cannabis oil, and what types of cannabis to use to make oil. Finally, we’ll go over various ways to use homemade cannabis oil, including some notes about caution and dosing with edibles.
Therefore, our cannabis oil recipe calls for decarboxylated cannabis as well. I provide very brief instructions on how to decarb raw cannabis below, but you can read further information about exactly how and why to decarb cannabis in the oven in this article.
Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, THC, or…
On the other hand, simply chopping up weed to add to your brownie mix is not a good idea, for many reasons. As we already explored, cannabinoids are fat-soluble. That means that they not only bind with oils during the infusion process, but also that cannabinoids are more readily absorbed and digested in our bodies when they’re consumed with fat – such as oil. If you add raw cannabis to baked goods, it is less likely that the cannabinoids will bind to fats for a consistent and effective edible experience. Using decarboxylated cannabis to make cannabis oil further increases precision and consistency.
Most cannabis oil recipes call for cannabis that has already been properly decarboxylated first. The most common and fuss-free way is to decarb cannabis in the oven, and then add it to oil over a very low heat afterwards – avoiding further decarboxylation. Some folks choose to decarb their raw cannabis on the stovetop simultaneously with the oil infusion process. However, that requires significantly more careful monitoring to hit that time-temperature sweet spot (and not ruin it).
I personally like to use strains that are high in both THC and CBD to make oil and salves. To learn more about the differences between strains, CBD and THC, see this article: “Sativa, Indica & Autoflowers, the Differences Explained”.
Cannabis oil is made by lightly heating (and thus infusing) cannabis in a “carrier oil”. Cannabinoids like CBD and THC, the most active components in cannabis, are both hydrophobic. That means they don’t like water, and are actually repelled by water molecules. On the flip side, CBD and THC are both fat-soluble. They like to bind with fatty acid molecules – such as those found in oil. When cannabis is steeped in oil, the THC and CBD molecules leave the buds or plant material and become one with the oil instead.
To take CBD orally, just add one teaspoon of the oil directly onto your tongue or into your favorite food or drink. Wait about 5-10 minutes after the first dose, and see if it’s working. If you need more, go ahead and take one more teaspoon, or a half, until you achieve your desired dose.
Here’s what you’ll need:
To do this, simply divide the amount of CBD you used by the amount of oil you used in teaspoons. For example, 600mg of CBD isolate in 48 teaspoons(1 cup) of oil would result in potency of 12.5 mg CBD per teaspoon.
Using CBD oil topically
Once you have the CBD content, it’s time to choose a carrier oil. Depending on your preferences, you can select virtually any type of oil, but most people use either coconut oil, olive oil, or canola oil. If you want to use this CBD orally, it’s best to choose a carrier oil that you won’t mind tasting. If your main priority is for topical use, coconut oil works great on the skin and is not as pore-clogging as canola oil or olive oil.
Why would anyone choose to make their own CBD oil, when there are so many amazing brands on the market? Well, for the same reasons that people cook at home, and even grow marijuana at home. The benefits come down to price, quality control, and potency.
When stored at room temperature, CBD oil can last at least two months. If you want to extend its shelf life, you can also keep it in the fridge.
In a world of virtually endless CBD products, there’s something to be said for the people who want to go through the steps to make it at home. When you buy a bottle of CBD oil, you might feel a disconnect as to how a cannabis plant was transformed into the bottle of liquid you see in front of you.