Once CBD connects to the ECS, it influences the entire nervous system, and it is in this way that it causes its effects on areas such as moods, relaxation, and so on, in the body.
The speed with which CBD takes effect in the body is usually determined by the method of intake. If you take it as capsules, CBD gummies , or other edibles, they have to go through the stomach and the liver. This is commonly referred to as the first-pass process. This process is longer, and the effects of the CBD take longer to be felt in the body. When CBD is taken through a dermal patch or sublingually, it goes directly to the bloodstream, and its effects are felt more quickly.
The ECS has three parts:
How Does CBD Oil Make You Sleepy?
One of the main reasons why people take CBD is to enable them to sleep. There could be some – maybe you are one of them, who are skeptical of its ability to treat sleeplessness. Perhaps you want to take CBD at work time, and you are wondering whether it is the best moment to use CBD. You fear that you will sleep on the job after taking a particular time of day. Taking CBD in the morning may have the effects of making your body shut down, and it is, therefore, not the best time of day to take CBD. If you feel unwell and a medical practitioner diagnoses you with the condition that may require CBD, how should you proceed regarding sleepiness?
Some manufacturers add some ingredients in CBD products to improve the effectiveness and bioavailability of CBD. A CBD product that is formulated to help with sleep may be infused with serotonin. This doesn’t mean that CBD on itself can’t cause sleep, but its effects may be enhanced by other ingredients and by improved bioavailability.
To understand how CBD works, we need to know how the body receives it. The Endocannabinoid system is the organ system that receives cannabinoids in the body. This system is designed to receive and work with cannabinoids that the body produces to maintain homeostasis. The cannabinoids that are internally generated by the body are referred to as endocannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) can also synthesize plant-based cannabinoids. Plant-based cannabinoids are referred to as phytocannabinoids. CBD falls under this category.
Research is still ongoing on whether CBD causes tiredness; there, however, are some indications that it may cause fatigue. It does this by blocking 5-HT1 receptors, which are the receptors responsible for binding with serotonin. Having these receptors bound may lead to tiredness, depending on the user’s body chemistry. This tiredness may lead to sleepiness during working hours or at night. However, some studies have shown that dosage is a factor in determining whether the CBD will cause alertness or sleepiness. A higher dosage usually leads to tiredness and drowsiness, while a lower one leads to alertness.
With this in mind, some of the ways CBD can affect your body and make you feel include:
If you’re considering a CBD routine to help you sleep, it’s important to determine the dosage that’s right for you. While we recommend starting with 12mg – 20mg twice daily, there is no standard dosage or ‘official serving size’, as it varies based on individual factors mentioned earlier. You will need to adjust your dosage in response to how you are feeling to find the amount and form of CBD that’s right for you. If you are interested in know more about CBD dosage tips and guidelines, we have another blog post on this subject that you can read by clicking here.
Studies (Blessing et al, 2015; Berger et al, 2009) show that CBD’s anxiety-reducing properties make it a useful tool to manage stress levels, boost focus, and improve mental clarity, all without experiencing drowsiness or lethargy. CBD also supports increased serotonin levels in the brain and can help decrease levels of cortisol, a natural byproduct of stress that can have harmful effects on the body.
How does CBD make you feel?
A 2019 study (Shannon et al, 2019) showed that CBD can also serve as a natural solution to combat insomnia, helping individuals fall asleep. The research also demonstrated that CBD helped reduce the number of instances of waking up and other night time disturbances.
As to whether CBD oil can make you sleepy, it’s still open for discussion. Although more research is needed to definitely answer whether or not there is a direct link between CBD and feeling sleepy, research has shown that CBD can support better sleep.
Overall, your response to CBD will depend largely on factors that are specific to you. This includes your body type, weight, gender, and metabolism. Additionally, the effects of CBD can be influenced by other variables including how you consume CBD (such as ingesting oil or applying a topical to your skin) as well as existing medications or supplements you may be taking.
Feelings of relaxation and the diminished anxiety brought on by a regular evening CBD routine can be effective as a sleep aid for people seeking to calm down and relax before bed.
Vo points out that terpenes present in CBD oil also influence the individual’s response. “We know that terpenes play an essential role in determining the strain and influencing a sedative effect, energetic effect, or combination of both,” he explained.
Burns agrees, adding that THC can also cause anxiety and restlessness at doses higher than 10 milligrams. “Because of this, I would say that CBD is a better sleep aid for most people; however, dosing less than 10 milligrams of THC along with 20 milligrams or more of CBD could be a great combination.”
Research suggests that CBD may act on serotonin receptors, prompting the release of endocannabinoids. Serotonin is also one of the most important neurotransmitters for regulating the sleep-wake cycle. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
CBD may also trigger tiredness or a sleep response through its reported effects on the 5-HT1a serotonin receptors, as observed in a study published in the medical journal Pain. “When binding to the 5-HT1a receptors, CBD essentially blocks those receptors from other agonists binding to them,” Ford explained. “Depending on the individual’s body chemistry, when CBD binds to these receptors it can essentially block the anxiety or depression-causing molecules, leading to immediate relief.” As a result, some individuals may feel a sensation of sleepiness.
“CBD is an anxiolytic, which means that it reduces anxiety and is calming,” explains Dr. Elaine Burns, a naturopathic doctor who is CEO and founder of Dr. Burns’ ReLeaf. “In addition, it helps to relax the muscles. These two properties both contribute to a feeling of relaxation in the mind and body.”