You may have seen full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and pure CBD when you have been looking at CBD. So what do these common pieces of terminology mean? Knowing the different types of CBD will help you get the exact product you are looking for. Before you buy CBD, read this comprehensive breakdown of how different C Find out more about the three different types of CBD and their benefits. Read our blog post to learn which cbd oil is best for you and your lifestyle.
What are the different types of CBD?
You may have seen full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD and pure CBD when you have been looking at CBD. So what do these common pieces of terminology mean? Knowing the different types of CBD will help you get the exact product you are looking for. Before you buy CBD, read this comprehensive breakdown of how different CBD types differ, and why each has its own importance.
Types of CBD
Whole Plant CBD
Where some CBD products solely extract the CBD, whole plant utilises the entire spectrum of hemp compounds, including essential terpenes, flavonoids, waxes and oils. This makes it a premium product, however it is often too thick and unrefined for regular use.
Whole plant CBD products can include CBD oils, CBD edibles and even premium CBD e liquids. Whole plant CBD does not necessarily contain illegal amounts of THC and they can be found in the UK. However, whole plant CBD is rarer to find and only appeals to a small percentage of hemp fans.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD doesn’t have the waxes and oils found in the whole plant, but it still retains trace elements of THC. Full spectrum products are more common in countries with relaxed laws around THC. Where full spectrum CBD products are legal, you will find an assortment of products with CBD oils and CBD vape liquids proving popular.
Full spectrum CBD is not legal in the UK due to the presence of THC in quantities greater than 0.2%. Most CBD users however, will not be looking for full spectrum CBD due to its psychotropic properties; zero THC is a safer and much more popular way to take CBD.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD products contain 0% THC and retain additional cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, whilst removing the waxes and oils. This is a popular form of CBD across the UK and is commonly found in CBD balms and CBD vape liquids.
Broad spectrum CBD products offer a more ‘complete’ hemp experience but don’t offer any particular advantages for users looking for CBD. The presence of terpenes and flavonoids also create a more ‘hempy’ flavour in oral products, which may not be to the taste of many.
Pure CBD products,also known as CBD isolate, only extract CBD from the hemp plant. Pure CBD contains 0.0% THC, does not retain the additional hemp compounds found in the other categorisations, and works well when blended with specially curated ingredients.
CBD Extraction: Natural Precision
If a CBD product describes itself as ‘whole plant’ or ‘pure CBD’, it’s referring to the way the CBD has been processed and what it now contains. Whilst the phrasing “whole plant” conjures up images of a giant blender where thousands of hemp plants are thrown in, in fact it’s far more complex.
In Whole Plant CBD for example, a CO2 process forms the core of the product, while ethanol extraction is carried out simultaneously. This specifically extracts key waxes and oils that are too thick and stubborn for a supercritical extraction to procure.
Whether it’s pure CBD, broad spectrum CBD or even whole plant, it’s important that the correct extraction method is used. That way, the best quality CBD can be obtained that retains the inherent natural benefits of CBD. For more information about how to obtain CBD, checkout our useful CBD extraction guide.
Respecting Natural Cannabidiol
The natural world as we see it today is the result of many millions of years of evolution. Every blade of grass, every feather, and every opposable thumb is the result of countless organisms and biological systems gradually developing alongside each other.
Whilst modern horticultural methods allow for further honing and tweaking, Vitality CBD believe that the best CBD comes from respecting and working in conjunction with that natural order. Properly harnessing this natural balance is part and parcel of our Pure CBD products.
Learn More About CBD
At Vitality CBD, we have complete faith in each of our products because we understand the science behind them, but simply telling you that isn’t enough. We believe that a well-informed user is a happy user, which is why we’ve assembled and curated an extensive CBD knowledge base at the tip of your fingers.
If you have any unresolved questions about any of the forms of CBD, our experienced team are always on hand to field any questions. Reach out to us on our CBD contact page. We want you to feel confident when you buy cannabidiol.
Types of CBD: What are the different types of CBD?
With a number of unfamiliar words surrounding CBD oils, it is easy to get confused. You might have come across different CBD oil designations, such as: full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, or CBD isolate.
In this article, we will cover the different types of CBD oils and their benefits. While there is no clear answer to which one is the best one, we will talk about the properties of each CBD type so that you can choose which one is right for you and your lifestyle.
How many types of CBD are there?
Though in theory there can be hundreds of different CBD oil types, depending on their cannabinoid content and extraction process, there are three different types of CBD you will likely come across:
- CBD Isolate
- Full Spectrum CBD oil
- Broad Spectrum CBD oil
As the name suggests, CBD Isolate is an isolated form of cannabidiol, or CBD. To put it simply, CBD Isolate oil corresponds to the purest form of CBD oil, since it does not contain any other cannabinoids or natural compounds of the cannabis plant. For this to be possible, all of the plant’s compounds are thoroughly removed, except for CBD, through an extensive extraction process.
Depending on the extraction process type, high-quality CBD isolates are usually over 99% pure. This level of purity is the biggest benefit of this type of CBD since you can maintain the potency of CBD even when added to other substances, such as foods, lotions or shampoo.
CBD Isolate can also be a great choice if you want to avoid THC altogether, since Isolates do not contain any other cannabinoids, including the famous psychoactive constituent of cannabis. This CBD type is highly used therefore by people who have to undergo drug testing, though there is always a slight possibility that THC will show up too, since all CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC.
Finally, CBD isolate might be right for you if you’re looking for a flavourless and odourless product. However, you can find CBD isolate oils with added flavouring if you prefer flavoured products.
Our Pro CBD oil with Vitamin D3 has a peppermint flavour and is great for athletes or anyone who wants to support their active lifestyle. It is BSCG tested and approved, so you can trust you’re compliant whether you’re a drug tested sports professional or hard working blue lighter.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Full Spectrum CBD oil corresponds to an oil rich in CBD, alongside small amounts of THC (up to 0.2%), terpenes and flavonoids. Some people prefer to take full spectrum CBD oil over CBD isolate due to the entourage effect theory. This theory defends that taking CBD and THC together, along with other cannabis compounds may be more effective than taking cannabidiol alone.
Moreover, most full spectrum CBD oils will contain a wide range of terpenes and flavonoids, which can have their own beneficial effects. Therefore, this type of CBD oil can be right for you if you prefer a less refined product and if you don’t mind its earthy flavour, though you can find flavoured full-spectrum varieties.
It’s worth noting that from the 1st of April 2021, this type of CBD might no longer be available to buy in the UK due to the Novel Foods act. This act basically applies to foods that weren’t consumed in large quantities before 1997, and as such need to be regulated and licensed. Since full spectrum CBD oil contains small amounts of THC and other cannabinoids, it might be challenging for CBD brands to get this CBD oil type licensed. At fourfive, we don’t sell this product but we offer a range of CBD broad spectrum oils made from 100% natural ingredients.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
Broad spectrum CBD sits somewhere in the middle between CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD. To put it simply, this CBD oil type contains mostly cannabidiol alongside small amounts of other cannabis compounds, but it doesn’t contain THC. However, some products will contain trace quantities.
Like full-spectrum CBD, this form of CBD may also produce heightened effects because they contain additional components that work together. Some of the usually added compounds include cannabinol (CBC) and terpenes, such as limonene, myrcene and pinene.
People who want to benefit from the entourage effect without having to take THC usually prefer this type of CBD for greater benefits.
What is the best type of CBD oil?
Not enough scientific research has been done to determine which type of CBD produces the best benefits with the least side effects. Therefore, the best type of CBD oil will completely depend on your lifestyle, personal preference and what you use CBD oil for.
Other factors might also influence your decision. For example, if you’re an athlete you will likely want to stick to THC-free products.
For instance, if you prefer a refined product that can be added to a variety of substances without losing its potency, you will likely opt for CBD isolate. On the other hand, if you don’t mind small amounts of THC, you can benefit from full spectrum CBD for greater benefits, though as mentioned above, this type of CBD oil will likely stop being sold in the UK from the 1st of April this year due to the Novel Foods act. Therefore, CBD broad spectrum is probably your best bet if you’re looking for a CBD oil that can produce heightened effects.
Whether you pick broad spectrum or isolates, CBD oil supplements are not an all-size-fits-all sort of thing, so sometimes you might have to do a bit of trial and error and see what works best for you. This also applies to finding your optimal CBD dosage .
If you’d like to get up to date with the latest laws on CBD regulation and legality, make sure to read our CBD legality in the UK article for 2021. You can also find multiple blog posts about all things related to our CBD on our learn articles section .