Dogs, just like people, can develop glaucoma. Although severe eye diseases like glaucoma may seem like a simple eye problem, these are actually emergency eye problems that need to be addressed, Find out what you need to know here! Glaucoma is a popular eye condition among dogs, but how can you treat it? This guide shows how CBD can help treat glaucoma in dogs. Glaucoma is an emergency health issue in dogs that needs immediate veterinary care to avoid the destruction of the retina and optic disk.
Dog Glaucoma Treatment, Can CBD Oil Help?
Dogs, just like people, can develop glaucoma. Although severe eye diseases like glaucoma may seem like a simple eye problem, these are actually emergency eye problems that may progress and become worse in a short period of time. Approximately 40% of dogs will lose their vision due to glaucoma.
If your dog’s eyes are red, misty, itchy or extremely weepy, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian immediately. With the high frequency of predisposed glaucoma occurring in purebred dogs, it’s important to know what to look out for so that you don’t miss the early signs. Mixed dog breeds are also susceptible to glaucoma.
Pain associated with glaucoma often shows up as behavioral changes in dogs. That said, you’re going to need to know how CBD oil can help dogs with glaucoma.
What is Glaucoma in Dogs?
Glaucoma takes place when there is an imbalance in the production and drainage of eye fluid. (aqueous humor) This then results in a buildup of fluid in the eye that increases eye pressure to very high levels, and causes a lot of pain. It is important to note that increased eye pressure in dogs should be taken seriously, since it may result in the destruction of the retina and optic disk.
There are Two Types of Glaucoma: Primary and Secondary
Primary entails the eye’s inability to drain through the filtration angles of the eye.
Open-Angle Glaucoma (Primary)
This is painless with a gradual development of blind spots or loss of vision over a long period of time. Primary open angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma in dogs. Your veterinarian will need to use a tonometer to measure eye pressure in your dog.
The Dog Breeds Most Commonly Affected by Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma are Shiba-Inus, Beagles, and Shih- Tzu’s.
Close-angle glaucoma (Secondary)
This occurs due to a sudden increase in eye pressure, and is accompanied by severe pain, eye redness, and may cause a loss of vision. With glaucoma affecting approximately 1.7% of all dogs in the US, it’s necessary to visit your veterinarian immediately if you suspect that your dog is suffering from any eye problems.
Glaucoma will usually benefit from long-term treatment. Although early signs of glaucoma are hard to distinguish, your veterinarian will use the following methods to diagnose and treat glaucoma in your pooch.
-Tonometer to measure eye pressure
-Medical or surgical treatment or a combination of both to decrease eye pressure
-Medication that will draw out eye fluid or decrease the production of eye fluid
Symptoms of Early Glaucoma May Include the Following:
- Mild congestion of the conjunctiva veins
- Early eye enlargement
- Slight dilation of the pupil (not responding to light)
- Behavioral changes
- Spasmodic winking
- Blood vessels are red
- Cloudy front part of the eye
- Vision loss
If your dog is not treated immediately for glaucoma and has a prolonged eye pressure within the eye, symptoms may result in the following:
- Displacement of the eye lens
- Enlargement of the eyeball
- Breaks in the corneal membrane
- Behavioral changes
- Progression of the advancement of degeneration within the eye
Symptoms of Secondary Glaucoma or Glaucoma Resulting from Secondary Eye Infections May Include the Following:
- Redness of blood vessels in eye whites
- The front part of the eye may be cloudy in appearance
- High eye pressure
- Pupil constriction may occur
- Iris may attach to the cornea or eye lens
- Iris edge may attach in a circular motion to the eye lens
- Debris that is inflammatory may be visible in the front part of the eye.
- Lack of appetite
- Lethargy accompanied by a headache from eye pressure
New 2018 Study adds That CBD Mixed With THC May Worsen Glaucoma, Raise Eye Pressure
A new 2018 study from Indiana University found that “ Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the primary psychoactive ingredient of marijuana, was found to effectively lower pressure in the eye, as has been previously reported. But the study found that the use of CBD in combination with THC blocked this effect.”
The study also states that “the chemical that causes this rise in pressure is cannabidiol, or CBD, a non-psychoactive ingredient in cannabis that is increasingly marketed to consumers in products such as oil, gummies, creams, and health food. It is also approved in many states as a treatment for conditions such as pediatric epilepsy,” via Science Daily
The study concludes with the following “ There were studies over 45 years ago that found evidence that THC lowers pressure inside the eye, but no one’s ever identified the specific neuroreceptors involved in the process until this study. These results could have important implications for future research on the use of cannabis as a therapy for intraocular pressure.”
What is CBD Oil?
Hemp refers to the cannabis varieties that are grown as an agricultural crop, and also contain low amounts of THC(tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is federally illegal in the US if it contains a higher amount than the O.3% allowed for use, though it’s been approved for both recreational and medical use in Canada, and numerous US states.
For all CBD pet products to be legal, they need to have less than 0.3% THC. CBD is natural, safe, and is derived from hemp and cannabis. Most CBD dog products will use CBD from hemp. That said, there is no “high” and dogs will not consume THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, resulting in psychoactive effects with your dog getting “high”.
CBD is a non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid and yields therapeutic and medicinal purposes for dogs. To help you understand more about the benefits of CBD oil for dogs dealing with glaucoma, let’s look at some research.
CBD Oil for Dogs with Glaucoma Pain
The potency of CBD oils both in capsule form, and those in bottles with droppers are much more potent and are sometimes more difficult to administer to difficult dogs that don’t take meds via droppers.
A few product lines contain phytocannabinoids, terpenes and fatty acids which support a huge range of ailments like phobias, joint pain, inflammation, digestive issues, mobility, seizures, and anxiety.
CBD Possible Side Effects in Dogs
What to Look for in CBD Oil Products for Dogs with Glaucoma?
- Hemp CBD should be 100% food grade
- Should be made using CO2 extraction
- No solvents like butane
- Full-spectrum lab testing by a third party for purity and potency
- Lab certificates need to be available for all pet parents
- Pesticide and herbicide free
- Made with non-GMO hemp
- Grain-free functional chews if purchasing CBD DOG TREATS
- Numerous additives in treats like pumpkin, coconut, turkey, sweet potato, blueberry with antioxidant properties.
Tips on CBD Oil for Dogs with Glaucoma
When it comes to dogs suffering from glaucoma, or chronic ocular hypertension, we need to be aware that eye pressure can reach 45-65 mmHg, making this an incredibly painful condition for dogs. Consulting with your veterinarian for immediate diagnosis and treatment whether medical or surgical is step one.
Your veterinarian will most likely recommend long-term treatment and drugs that will draw out the fluid from the eye, as well as other drugs that will decrease the production of fluids. It is important to keep in mind that although eye pressure is lowered initially, it will need to be stabilized throughout your dog’s lifetime to prevent further eye problems.
CBD Oil and Keeping Your Dogs Safe
- Ask for proper and accurate labeling and dosage instructions.
- Look at each CBD product and research what each CBD product does and does not contain.
- Find out where and how it was manufactured.
- Look at the research and find out more about the potential therapeutic effects
- Find out more about the risks with the specific CBD product by understanding the exact composition. Just because others are purchasing it, does not mean it’s right for your dog. Consult with your vet first!
- Look for misleading labels.
- Look out for harmful contaminants that may be potentially deadly. (Know what to look for)
- Research the 3 rd party labs associated with your CBD product.
- Make sure that CBD dog products are used responsibly
With all CBD dog products including edibles, the dosage will vary according to the brand you choose. Dogs will need different dosages, so it’s important to discuss with your vet first prior to using any CBD dog product. Consult with your veterinarian for safe and accurate dosage instructions.
Finding out whether the CBD oil you purchase is safe for your furry best friend should be easy!
Today with the unsanctioned medical use of CBD- based products containing a variety of oils, supplements, gums, and some with a very high concentration of extracts, we should all become familiar with what the safety norms are, and what to look out for when purchasing a safe, high-quality CBD oil free of contaminants that may be dangerous to your dog’s health. That said, always consult with your veterinarian prior to purchasing any CBD product for your pooch!
CBD Oil and Glaucoma
CBD breaks down peroxynitrite on contact. Because it’s an antioxidant, it prevents the formation of peroxynitrite inside the cell. CBD may prevent blindness by preventing apoptosis of neurons. That said, CBD with CBN, and CBG may help with glaucoma in dogs.
A 2003 study demonstrated that “in glaucoma, the increased release of glutamate is the major cause of retinal ganglion cell death. Cannabinoids have been demonstrated to protect neuron cultures from glutamate-induced death, “via PubMed. This study concluded that “The effect of THC was in part mediated by the cannabinoid receptor CB1. These results suggest the potential use of CBD as a novel topical therapy for the treatment of glaucoma.”
A 2006 pilot study wanting to assess the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) and the safety and tolerability of oromucosal administration of a low dose of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on people stated the following, “A single 5 mg sublingual dose of Delta-9-THC reduced the IOP temporarily and was well tolerated by most patients. Sublingual administration of 20 mg CBD did not reduce IOP, whereas 40 mg CBD produced a transient increase IOP rise,” via PubMed.
That said the use of CBD oil for glaucoma has been backed up by several studies. In a 1984 study, “i ntraocular pressure, ocular toxicity, and neurotoxicity after administration of cannabinol or cannabigerol lowers ocular tension considerably. While cannabinol had a modest effect on intraocular pressure after a single dose, it caused a more significant reduction in ocular tension during chronic administration. Cannabigerol had similar effects, but the magnitude of response to its chronic administration was greater,” via PubMed.
This study suggests that the use of hemp-based products and cannabis supplements, when administered in the right dosage, proved effective in treating glaucoma in dogs. As usual, consult with your veterinarian for the best CBD oil products for dogs with glaucoma is recommended. That said, hemp-based CBD pet products offer all the chemicals from the hemp plant which includes CBD, CBN, and CBG, as well as numerous other compounds like terpenes and cannabinoids.
The Importance of Opting for a High-quality, Full-Spectrum CBD Vet Approved Product
When looking at all the CBD pet products, the most important consideration is if a CBD product uses an isolate or a full-spectrum oil. A full spectrum oil is the most potent and is derived from the entire plant.
The extraction of the oil takes place via a carbon dioxide process called CO2 extraction which entails using pressurized carbon dioxide to extract the CBD from the entire plant. CO2 functions as a solvent when reaching extreme temperatures, yet because it is under the boiling point, it’s cold. It is processed to create oil from the plant. It is also a clean and environmentally friendly process.
CBD Dog Treats
CBD edibles or dog treats make dosing easier for fussy dogs. Opt for natural, vegan,non-GMO, and US sourced and manufactured. CBD dog treats and edibles that are not organic or natural may contain pesticides, solvents or fungicides.
When choosing a CBD oil or dog treats for dogs with glaucoma , it will be necessary to do the following:
- Consult with your veterinarian
- Opt for a high-quality CBD oil or CBD dog treats. Read the dosage carefully.
- Explore the CBD company vigorously, and check if the product is veterinarian approved.
- Triple check dosing for glaucoma purposes and pain with a CBD savvy veterinarian.
- Read product reviews and comments.
- Read through research papers news articles, and check for recalls
- Don’t think that because the product is out there that it’s 100% safe to use. Research sourcing and manufacturing practices.
Nowadays, thanks to the internet, pet parents can do a lot of research. Your dog’s good health depends on you. Not only is it safe and non-toxic, but CBD oil can also give you peace of mind in that apart from helping dogs with glaucoma, it can also ease your dog’s pain as well.
With all the positive effects of CBD oil for dogs that may help treat anxiety, pain, cancer, seizures, joint pain, tumors, and glaucoma, full-spectrum hemp CBD products may be a good choice. As usual, consult with your veterinarian first.
How CBD Can Help Treat Glaucoma in Dogs
Witnessing your dog in pain from glaucoma is one of the most heart-wrenching things to watch. It takes an emotional toll on you to see your furry loved one in a state of pain and distress.
You’re a parent and you take your job seriously. You’d do anything to protect your baby. After all, your pet is your world.
We know you love your pets and that’s why you’re committed to keeping them happy and healthy. You want them to know that they are safe and that you will take care of them no matter what.
Although glaucoma in dogs has a history of being difficult to treat, discoveries have scientists leading to one answer:
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects both dogs and humans alike.
It is a condition where fluid builds up in the eye and causes an increase in pressure in the eye. In the United States, 1.7% of dogs get glaucoma.
Blindness can occur if glaucoma is not treated. When excess fluid is in the eye or if too little fluid is drained, the pressure of the eye increases and causes damage to the retina and optic nerve.
There are two different types of glaucoma: primary glaucoma and secondary glaucoma.
Primary glaucoma is when there is an increase in intraocular pressure in an eye that’s considered to be healthy. Secondary glaucoma is when there is an increase in intraocular pressure caused by disease or an injury to the eye.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Inside of the eyes, if there is an improper balance of fluid in the eye due to the eye’s filtration angles or other eye conditions such as eye tumors, injury, or inflammation of the eye tissues, an increase in pressure is usually the result, ultimately leading to glaucoma.
Nearly 40% of dogs become blind in the affected eye regardless of treatment or surgery.
Although glaucoma is common and can affect all dogs, certain dog breeds have a genetic predisposition which makes them more susceptible to developing glaucoma in their lifetime. The most common dog breeds that are associated with glaucoma include:
- Cocker Spaniel
- Chow Chow
- Jack Russell Terrier
- Siberian Husky
- Basset Hounds
- Great Dane
Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma
Knowing when your dog is in pain from glaucoma is sometimes difficult to notice as canines do not show pain in the same way that humans do. Here are some of the signs to look for if you think your dog may have glaucoma:
- Watery discharge
- Redness of the eye
- Constant eye rubbing with the paw another object or with the paw
- Cloudy cornea
- Avoidance of light
- Different size pupils
- Excessive squinting
- Swollen eyes that bulge
- Eye fluttering
- Vision problems
- Clumsiness: bumping into objects
- Difficulty finding things
- Loss of appetite
How Is Glaucoma in Dogs Diagnosed?
If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, you must visit your veterinarian right away. Failure to get your dog checked out promptly can result in irreversible blindness if glaucoma is left untreated.
To diagnose glaucoma in your dog, your veterinarian will measure the intraocular pressure in your dog’s eye with a tonometer. Once your dog is diagnosed, your veterinarian will discuss the quickest and best way to save your dog’s vision, given that it’s still possible.
If your dog’s eye is already damaged beyond repair then your veterinarian will focus on managing your dog’s pain, treating the condition, and preventing it from spreading to the other eye.
In worst cases, your dog’s eye may have to be surgically removed as a result.
How CBD Oil Can Help Treat Glaucoma in Dogs
Over the last few years, CBD Oil has increased in popularity with an estimate that CBD pet products could increase to a whopping 1.16 billion dollar industry in the United States by 2022.
CBD Oil is used to treat a variety of conditions in dogs including seizures, anxiety, chronic pain, muscle spasms, aggression, and other neurological disorders.
Often, many people are confused about CBD Oil, its use, and treatment because of its association with marijuana. However, CBD Oil is completely safe and can be used effectively to treat your furry little loved ones.
Wondering about CBD and its effect on dogs, be sure to check out our CBD for dog’s guide to help you understand how it can help and all of its benefits.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a chemical compound found in the Cannabis Sativa plant. It is different from the THC compound, also known as, tetrahydrocannabinol, which is also found in the Cannabis Sativa plant as it does not produce the “marijuana high.”
CBD is a compound that aids in the relaxation of the body and reduces inflammation in the body. CBD oil has been proven to help with pain management.
Glaucoma in dogs can be severe and extremely painful causing a lot of distress for your loved one. Taking CBD Oil as a supplement will allow your dog to continue living a happy and active life while treating the condition.
CBD oil is also known for its anti-inflammatory effect, significantly reducing the inflammation that your dog has in its eye and reducing the pain as well.Keep in mind that inflammation is also what can lead to a loss of vision in your dog if not treated immediately.
It’s a great and not to mention a natural supplement that will allow your dog to begin its healing process rather quickly. A study conducted in The American Journal of Pathology discovered that CBD oil could be used to potentially treat glaucoma and has neuroprotective effects.
In Glaucoma, glutamate is a neurotransmitter that is responsible for vision loss and blindness. Studies and experiments show how CBD is used to protect against glutamate and prevent glaucoma from further development.
The main role CBD oil plays in combating glaucoma is protecting the cells in the eyes of neurotoxicity. It halts eye cell deaths and hinders its progression.
Is CBD Oil Safe for Your Pet?
The short answer is yes.
CBD oil is safe for your pet to take and there are a plethora of other great benefits to treating your dog with CBD oil including:
- Reducing anxiety and depression
- Treating epileptic seizures
- Improving mobility
- Treating irritable bowel disease
- Easing fear and paranoia
- Improving heart health
- Easing osteoarthritis symptoms
- Easing nausea and vomiting
So, how much of CBD oil should your dog take?
It is generally recommended that your dog takes the lowest dosage possible starting off and that you gradually increase the dosage as you observe how your dog manages the pain. Some dogs may need higher dosages than others, but it largely depends on how much the dog weighs.
Dogs who generally weigh more and are heavier will require a higher dose while dogs who weigh less and are smaller require only a small dose.
What Are the Side Effects of CBD Oil?
Although there are many benefits in treating glaucoma with a CBD supplement, there are a few side effects to be on the lookout for:
- Changes in appetite
- Dry mouth (increased thirst)
- Low blood pressure
If your dog experiences any of these side effects, be sure to pay a visit to your local veterinarian as soon as possible to help manage the pain and for treatment.
It’s important to keep in mind that glaucoma occurs in most dogs in the ages between 3 and 7 and older. Most puppies or dogs under the age of 2 rarely get the condition.
How to Treat Your Dog with CBD Oil?
Once your veterinarian has prescribed CBD oil for your dog, there are two ways your dog can take in the CBD oil: orally by the mouth under the tongue or by consuming dog treats.
Research shows that the best way to administer the CBD oil is under the tongue. Although it may not be the easiest way, when CBD oil is administered under the tongue, the CBD oil is absorbed much more easily and quickly into your dog’s system, offering faster relief and ease from the pain from the symptoms.
Although dog treats are another option, dog treats have been said to take longer in terms of relief and easing your dog’s pain from glaucoma.
The dog treats must be chewed and digested first before the CBD oil can enter your dog’s system quickly and effectively. However, treats are much easier to administer to your dog in comparison to placing the oil under your dog’s tongue.
If your dog is experiencing really bad symptoms of glaucoma or their condition is much more grave, you can use a combination of both dog treats and CBD oil to treat it much more quickly.
So, how can you prevent glaucoma?
How to Prevent Glaucoma?
First, while it’s possible to prevent secondary glaucoma, it is impossible to prevent primary glaucoma because primary glaucoma occurs because of genetics.
You can prevent your dog from contracting secondary glaucoma by avoiding accidents and injuries at all costs and treating your dog to regular chronic check-ups to ensure that they are as happy and as healthy as can be.
Eye wellness exams are extremely crucial for your dog to undergo so that their eye pressure can be checked regularly especially if your dog is older and considered to be a high-risk breed for glaucoma.
It’s also important to make sure that your dog is treated for any eye-related injury or infection as soon as possible to prevent any chance of glaucoma developing in the eye or progressing if the condition is already present.
Other methods to prevent glaucoma include taking antioxidants and eliminating pressure to your dog’s neck and eyes as much as possible. Antioxidants like vitamins C and E can help as well as giving beta-carotene to your dog all work to keep your dog’s eye calls strong and reduce damage.
Remember, you must eliminate any extra strain or pressure on your dog’s neck. If your dog experiences extra pressure on its neck from a tight collar, leash, or harness, the intra-ocular pressure may increase and can cause glaucoma to develop from the pressure.
Early detection is the best way to prevent the development of glaucoma in your dog and blindness.
Identifying any pressure changes and eye-related conditions in your dog’s eye through eye wellness exams and regular check-ups is the best way to avoid permanent blindness from glaucoma and prevent any further damage.
How to Choose The Right CBD Product
Choosing the right CBD product can be a stressful task especially for first-timers.
Often, as pawrents you’re anxious about getting it right the first time when treating your pet.
At Bailey’s Pet CBD Products, we can help you.
Since 2017, we have provided rich-hemp oil pet products that are free of THC, meaning they will not sedate your pet or give them the “high effect.”
Also, our products have been lab-tested extensively to ensure the highest quality and safeness of our products. All of our products are made under the advisory of a respected veterinarian, Dr. Robert J. Silver, DVM.
When choosing the right product, be sure to check the certification of authenticity to make sure that the product has been made and tested in a lab and look for any products that are free of GMOs.
Why Choose Bailey’s Pet CBD Products?
Hate seeing your sweet dog in distress from the symptoms and pain of glaucoma? We can help.
At Bailey’s Pet CBD Products, “A healthy pet is a happy pet.” Consider treating your dog and managing their pain with CBD oil. By treating your dog with CBD oil, you can provide them with quick and easy relief and improve their quality of life overnight.
Our team of experts is ready to chat with you and help you find the right product for your furry loved one.
Ready to find out more about our new, and upcoming products? Sign up below.
CBD for Dogs with Glaucoma
With dogs being prone to eye diseases like glaucoma and cataracts, using both preventative therapies and natural remedies works. CBD rich hemp oil as a natural dietary supplement for dogs affected with glaucoma may not only ease anxiety, pain, and nausea stemming from this condition but also offers therapeutic value without any intoxication.
Today, 40% of dogs will be affected by glaucoma, and lose their eyesight. Unfortunately, glaucoma affects us all. Dogs included! Glaucoma in dogs occurs when there is an imbalance in the production of fluid (aqueous humor), as well as an imbalance in the drainage of aqueous humor in the dog’s eye. This results in a buildup of fluid that increases pressure in the eye to dangerously high levels. With increased eye pressure, the optic disk and retina are negatively affected.
Glaucoma is an emergency health issue in dogs that needs immediate veterinary care to avoid the destruction of the retina and optic disk. When your dog suffers from eye pain related to glaucoma, there may also be behavioral changes. That said, it’s important to visit your veterinarian at the first sign of an eye infection to get the proper treatment.
Research also indicates that certain dog breeds may be prone to glaucoma like the Swedish Valhund dog breed. A defect in the gene called MERTK results in a form of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) that results in glaucoma and blindness in dogs.
Dog Breeds Prone to Glaucoma
- Cocker Spaniels
- Chow Chows
- Swedish Valhunds
- English Springer Spaniels
- Great Danes
- Basset Hounds
- Jack Russell Terriers
Glaucoma in Dogs
There are two types of glaucoma in dogs: Primary and secondary. Primary glaucoma is genetically based, and comes from a genetic abnormality or a genetic condition. Secondary glaucoma in dogs occurs when an eye condition results in an imbalance in the production and drainage of aqueous humor. (eye fluid)
Glaucoma can result from cataracts, lens displacement, retinal detachment, and eye cancer. The constant increased pressure may result in optic disk damage, as well as damage to the retina. That said, it’s necessary to consult with your veterinarian as to the first signs of an eye infection, to prevent serious eye conditions like glaucoma from affecting your furry best friend.
Signs of Early to Moderate Glaucoma in Dogs
- Mildly dilated pupils
- Early enlargement of the eye
- Mild congestion in the veins in the conjunctiva
- Redness of the eye
- Behavioral changes
- Cloudy eye
- Winking of the eye
- Vision loss
Signs of Prolonged Eye Pressure in Dogs
If your dog is not treated early enough for glaucoma and has had prolonged eye pressure, symptoms are much more serious.
- Eye lens may become displaced
- Eyeball is enlarged
- Corneal membrane may have tears
- Excessive pain
- Behavioral changes like aggression
- Degeneration in the affected eye
Signs of Secondary Glaucoma or Glaucoma Resulting from a Secondary Eye Infections in Dogs
- Excessively red eyes
- Eye cloudiness
- Increased eye pressure with pain
- Pupil constriction
- Iris may attach to the cornea or to the eye lens
- Iris edge may attach in a circular motion to the eye lens
- Minimal appetite
Head shaking with pain from increased eye pressure
- Eye debris in the front part of the eye
Your veterinarian will use a tonometer to measure eye pressure in your dog, and may recommend medical or surgical eye treatment so that eye pressure can be decreased. With glaucoma it’s important that eye pressure is decreased quickly, to decrease chances of extensive eye damage. He may also prescribe medication to draw out eye fluid, or to decrease fluid production in the eye. With glaucoma, treatment necessitates long term treatment, and veterinary care, as well as pain meds. Additionally, it may be best to discuss CBD oils for dogs with glaucoma as a pain reliever.
If Your Dog Has Glaucoma, He May Benefit from CBD
Here’s the deal on why CBD may be beneficial for your dog’s eye health.
What is CBD Oil?
“Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the naturally occurring cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. It is a 21-carbon terpenophenolic compound which is formed following decarboxylation from a cannabidiolic acid precursor, although it can also be produced synthetically,” via WHO.
CBD does not cause a “high” in your dog, and is a compound of hemp and cannabis. Additionally, CBD is derived from the hemp plant, but can also be derived from the marijuana plant. CBD hardly ever contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the compound that gives marijuana its “high” effect. High-quality CBD is non-toxic and considered safe for pets and humans alike.
There are almost no side-effects, apart from those coming from a low-quality CBD oil that may contain contaminants. It’s always best to look out for the cheaper qualities of some CBD oils that probably will have no certificate of analysis (COA)
Although rare, side effects in dogs may include sleepiness and nausea. That said, pet parents should always consider discussing the use of CBD with their veterinarians before purchasing a CBD pet product. This is important for two reasons. Firstly, pet parents need to purchase a high-quality, veterinary approved CBD pet product that will be safe and effective for their pets. Secondly, it’s important that the dosage and potency be discussed with an expert because specific dosages will be more appropriate for specific health conditions. That said, some CBD oils may take a few weeks to have a full impact on your dog for chronic pain relief. This is because it’s safer to always begin with the lowest CBD dosage and increase the dosage over time. This is much safer and prevents adverse reactions from occurring in case your dog has a reaction to a specific ingredient.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system has two cannabinoid receptors which are CB1 and CB2. CBG has an effect on both CB1 and CB2 by increasing the levels of anandamide (AEA) in the body. That said, the endocannabinoid (ECS) system is important in dogs, and aids in the function of maintaining homeostasis.
New Advanced CBD Formulas for Pets
This is one of the most exciting times in the CBD industry. Today, we have a variety of high-quality CBD oil supplements, dog treats, hemp-based chews, capsules, and topicals with added ingredients that boost and maintain your pet’s overall health.
CBD oil supplement manufacturers are passionate about giving optimal support for pets through their ADVANCED CBD FORMULAS .
Here’s what’s so great about these new and advanced formulas:
- DHA & EPA from seafood and plants
- Hip & Joint support
- Calming support
- Precise dosage
- Gourmet and assorted flavors
- Soft chews and soft-baked bites for senior pets
- CBD pet products that address specific issues like anxiety, chronic pain or illness
- Easy-to-swallow capsules
- High-quality hemp that is THC-free and veterinarian approved
- Most importantly, CBD products that are THC-free
- Veterinary formulated CBD products that are naturally hypoallergenic & 100% biodegradable
- Cruelty-free CBD products
- High-quality ingredients that are sourced and manufactured in the US
- Joint CBD products that are terpene rich with full-spectrum hemp.
- CBD pet products with added antimicrobial bee propolis to help fight infections and calm allergies
- CBD pet products with added coconut oil to help pets absorb CBD tinctures and promote easier digestion in all pets.
- Topical salves for easier application and great for joint pain, stress and anxiety.
- Freeze-dried CBD treats that contain no pesticides, no herbicides or toxic chemicals.
- Hemp oil topical creams for joint and connective tissue problems like inflammation, burns, and scratches.
CBD as a Therapeutic Neuroprotective Antioxidant to Boost Eye Health in Dogs
With dogs being prone to eye diseases like glaucoma and cataracts, using both preventative therapies and natural remedies works. We tend to take our dog’s eye health for granted until there’s a problem like a serious eye infection.
Dogs benefit from antioxidants like CBD that may benefit ocular health. This can be done by complementing your dog’s diet with specific antioxidants that will prevent oxidative stress. Antioxidants also protect your dog’s eyes every day by attacking oxidative stress, and protecting against free radical production.
Antioxidants like CBD also prevent inflammation of the eye. Additionally, older dogs have a depleted level of antioxidants. They also will suffer from normal aging of the retina, which will result in gradual night vision loss. By adding specific antioxidants, which are essential for maintaining health and proper biological function, you’re inhibiting the oxidation process, and preventing chronic diseases and illness, caused by free radicals that continuously damage cells.
An early study done on CBD in 1998 was one of the first studies to demonstrate how CBD as an antioxidant was found to be more beneficial than vitamins C and E. The study adds that “ The lack of psychoactivity associated with cannabidiol allows it to be administered in higher doses than would be possible with psychotropic cannabinoids such as THC. Furthermore, the ability of cannabidiol to protect against neuronal injury without inhibiting NMDAr (N-methyl- d -aspartate) receptors may reduce the occurrence of toxicity or side effects associated with NMDAr antagonists. Previous studies have indicated that cannabidiol is not toxic, even when chronically administered to humans or given in large acute doses of 700 mg/day,” via NCBI.
CBD Oil and Glaucoma in Dogs
CBD oil breaks down peroxynitrite on contact. CBD is an antioxidant that prevents the formation of peroxynitrite inside the cell . CBD oil may help to prevent blindness by stopping the apoptosis of neurons. That said, CBD with CBN, and CBG may help with glaucoma in dogs.
When it comes to dogs and glaucoma, or chronic ocular hypertension, eye pressure can reach 45-65 mmHg, resulting in an extremely painful condition. Your veterinarian needs to always be in your dog’s life when dealing with health issues. CBD use should not be a reason not to consult and work together with your veterinarian since dogs with health conditions will need to have a veterinary diagnosis that is accurate with traditional veterinary care and drugs. That said, CBD rich hemp oil as a natural dietary supplement needs to be discussed with your veterinarian prior to use, to also see if there are drug interactions.
Is CBD Oil Safe for Dogs?
Veterinary News DVM 360 adds that cannabinoids that are beneficial to health undergo the first-class metabolism, and says that there is more of a risk from toxicity with inhalant products than with oral products. That said, Veterinary News DVM 360 states that “ The drug is eliminated by hepatic metabolism and biliary excretion in five days in dogs. Cannabinoids are very safe in dogs; indeed, a life-threatening dose of THC is hard to determine. “Toxicity” often reflects the ingestion of another compound in the product eaten, such as chocolate.”
CBD Glaucoma Research
Brand new 2018 research about the effects of CBD on glaucoma adds that “ Glaucoma represents several optic neuropathies leading to irreversible blindness through progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss.
The reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) is known as the only modifiable factor in the treatment of this disorder. Application of exogenous cannabinoids to lower IOP has attracted the attention of scientists as potential agents for the treatment of glaucoma. Accordingly, neuroprotective effect of these agents has been recently described through modulation of endocannabinoid system in the eye,” via Science Direct.
Another study published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology adds that “Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. In spite of the diverse therapeutic possibilities, new and better treatments for glaucoma are highly desirable. Cannabinoids effectively lower the intraocular pressure (IOP) and have neuroprotective actions. Thus, they could potentially be useful in the treatment of glaucoma, “via NCBI
A 2003 study demonstrated that “in glaucoma, the increased release of glutamate is the major cause of retinal ganglion cell death. Cannabinoids have been demonstrated to protect neuron cultures from glutamate-induced death,” via PubMed.
This study concluded that “The effect of THC was in part mediated by the cannabinoid receptor CB1. These results suggest the potential use of CBD as a novel topical therapy for the treatment of glaucoma. The effect of THC was in part mediated by the cannabinoid receptor CB1. These results suggest the potential use of CBD as a novel topical therapy for the treatment of glaucoma.”
Another 2006 pilot study wanting to assess the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) and the safety and tolerability of oromucosal administration of a low dose of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on people added that “ A single 5 mg sublingual dose of Delta-9-THC reduced the IOP temporarily and was well tolerated by most patients. Sublingual administration of 20 mg CBD did not reduce IOP, whereas 40 mg CBD produced a transient increase IOP rise,” via PubMed.
In yet an additional study, it was found that that 0.1% THC in light mineral oil, when applied directly to the eyes of a patient with high blood pressure with glaucoma, resulting in decreased systolic blood pressure.
What is CBG?
CBG may have plenty of potential health benefits for dogs. CBD and CBG are both cannabinoids that will not get your dog “high, with both having few side effects. Using a full-spectrum oil of the highest -quality that has been purchased from a reputable CBD brand helps ensure safety with minimal side-effects.
CBG Tips for Pet Parents
Cannabis strains usually carry less than 10% CBG, yet hemp strains will yield much more CBG with some as high as 94%, and a THC level as low as 0.001%. Because of the restrictions in testing cannabis, it makes it much more difficult to find out about accurate research linked to CBG use.
Here’s The Take on CBG in Pet Products
CBG is found in much lower concentrations than CBD and THC. It also has no psychoactive properties, meaning that your pooch will not get ‘high”. CBG does not change the effect of THC in the body. It binds with CB2 receptors (found in the body, but not in the brain and nervous system), and can stop other compounds from binding with CB1 receptors. (found in the nervous system and brain)
When exposed to light or heat, CBG is broken down in the cannabis plant. CBG and CBD are both not addictive, and have few side effects if any. Long term research still needs to be done on the use of both CBD and CBG.
Cannabigerol Use for Intraocular Pressure
The use of CBD oil for glaucoma has been backed up by several studies. A 1984 study demonstrated that “i ntraocular pressure, ocular toxicity and neurotoxicity after administration of cannabinol or cannabigerol lower ocular tension considerably. While cannabinol had a modest effect on intraocular pressure after a single dose, it caused a more significant reduction in ocular tension during chronic administration. Cannabigerol had similar effects, but the magnitude of response to its chronic administration was greater,” via PubMed.
This study concludes that the use of hemp-based products and cannabis supplements, when administered in the right dosage, proved effective in treating glaucoma in dogs. As usual, consult with your veterinarian for the best CBD oil products for dogs with glaucoma is recommended. That said, hemp-based CBD pet products offer all the chemicals from the hemp plant which includes CBD, CBN, and CBG, as well as numerous other compounds like terpenes and cannabinoids.
With CBD pet products positively surging forward, pet parents have no shortage of choices. It’s important for pet parents to do their homework together with their veterinarian, prior to purchasing a CBD supplement for their dogs. With research demonstrating the positive impacts of CBD as an antioxidant and powerful dietary supplement, it’s necessary to hone in on the differing tincture potencies and lab testing procedures to ensure product purity, safety, and efficacy.