Did you just get the diagnosis that your dog has problems with their kidneys? You may now be looking for information on what causes your dog to have issues with their kidneys and what you can do to help. Find out here! CBD oil can reduce pain, inflammation, loss of appetite, and anxiety in dogs, all symptoms that can accompany acute and chronic canine kidney disease.
Kidney Disease In Dogs: The info you need to know from a veterinarian
Did you just get the diagnosis that your dog has problems with their kidneys? You may now be looking for information on what causes your dog to have issues with their kidneys and what you can do to help. This article will cover all these points.
Types of Kidney Disease in Dogs
There are different types of kidney disease. Some are easily corrected and have no lasting damage but do have discomfort, while some are more complicated and usually irreversible.
Acute Kidney Failure
Some type of damage to the kidney, such as toxin or drug exposure that suddenly causes a decrease in kidney function is Acute Kidney Failure. This type of kidney disease is often reversible if caught early. Your veterinarian will start your dog on IV fluids to help flush the toxins of the kidneys. Acute Kidney Failure can also be deadly or lead to chronic kidney failure if not caught and treated early
Chronic Kidney Failure
Chronic Kidney Failure is due to genetics or old age. This is a slow progression of kidney disease, which starts with just mild signs of kidney disease such as drinking a lot more water or urinating more. With chronic renal failure, it can be harder to treat. At the initial diagnosis, your veterinarian may give your pet IV fluids to help the kidneys function better. Your pet will end up taking daily supplements and a change in diet to help the kidneys function properly.
Congenital Kidney Disease
Some dogs are born with kidney problems. They may have underdeveloped kidneys or masses or cyst on their kidneys. Depending on what is causing the kidney disease, this may never affect them, or it may significantly shorten their life.
Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the tubes in the kidneys. The tubes are used to filter the urine flowing through the kidney. When these tubes get inflamed, they can also become damaged, causing kidney disease.
Lyme Disease-related Kidney Failure
If your dog gets bit by a tick, they could contract Lyme disease. Sometimes Lyme disease affects the kidneys. When it does, it causes kidney disease in your dog. This can be very hard to treat and usually leaves them with long term damage to their kidneys.
Causes of Kidney Disease
Many different things can damage your dog’s kidneys.
Ticks with Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is carried by ticks and can cause your dog to have kidney disease.
If your dog accidentally ingests some toxin such as antifreeze or tainted food. These could cause your dog to suffer from Acute Kidney damage. This can sometimes be reversible, but sometimes it cannot.
Particular medication can also cause kidney damage. Over the counter, human pain medication can be hazardous to your dog’s kidneys. Drugs such as Advil, Aleve, and Motrin can cause kidney problems in your dog. Ask your veterinarian for pain medication for your dog. Make sure to follow the dosing instruction from your vet as giving to much of veterinary pain medication can also cause kidney problems. Veterinary NSAIDs are safer than human meds, but there are still risks. Also, Vitamin D can cause kidney damage in dogs.
Before starting your dog on any new medication, it is best to ask your veterinarian and make sure that you are giving them the correct dosage. A small dosage of some medicines could cause irreversible kidney problems in your dog.
Signs Your Dog May Have Kidney Disease
There are many signs and symptoms that your dog has kidney problems. Many of these signs can also be signs of other diseases. If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it is best to consult your veterinarian to help diagnosis what is wrong with your dog.
Dogs with kidney problems will drink more water. This is a common sign seen in dogs with kidney disease but also diabetes
Since your dog is drinking more water, they will even be peeing more. This is very common the first thing that dog owners notice.
As your dog progresses with kidney disease, you will notice that they are losing weight. You may see that they are losing muscle mass around their faces. While weight loss in some dogs is needed. If you are not actively trying to get your pet to lose weight, and they have lost weight, it is best to seek veterinary care.
Dogs with kidney disease will have bad breath. This could also mean that your dog has dental disease or some other problem in their mouth. Bad breath can be due to numerous diseases.
Lethargy and depression
Dogs with kidney disease will be more lethargic and seem depressed. If your dog has slowed down, it is best to have your veterinarian examine your dog. Sometimes they will slow down due to old age but many times there is an underlying problem.
Dogs with kidney disease will have a poor hair coat. If you are having a hard time keeping your dog’s hair nice and shiny, they may have kidney disease.
Dogs with kidney disease can have sores in their mouths. These are called uremic ulcers. The kidneys are supposed to flush this out of your dog’s system. Since the kidneys are not functioning correctly, the uremia will build up, causing ulcers in their mouth.
What to do for Your Dog
If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it is best to seek veterinary care. Your veterinarian will want to run a complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry panel, urinalysis and diagnostic imaging such as x rays and ultrasound. These tests will help determine what is causing these signs and the severity of the kidney damage. CBD can also help certain symptoms associated with kidney disease but make sure to check with your veterinarian to make sure it is safe for your dog!
Natural Doggie NON GMO All-Organic CBD Oil for dogs
Hearing that your dog has kidney disease can be frightening at first. Following your veterinarians’ recommendations and providing your pet the diet and supplements, your pet can still live a long healthy and happy life.
Can CBD oil help dogs with kidney disease?
CBD oil isn’t a treatment for kidney disease in dogs. But that doesn’t mean it can’t play a beneficial role in therapy.
CBD oil has long been proven to reduce pain, inflammation, loss of appetite, and anxiousness in dogs—all symptoms that can accompany acute and chronic canine kidney disease.
How common is kidney disease in dogs?
There are two categories of kidney disease in pups. Acute kidney disease or injury (AKD) occurs when a dog consumes a poisonous substance such as harmful foods, unprescribed medications, and antifreeze, as well as lesser-known toxins such as grapes and the lily plant.
AKD can be highly serious, with a mortality rate of up to 45 percent according to a 2018 review by science nonprofit PLOS One. Rates of acute kidney disease in dogs may be increasing with the advent of legal weed across many states and Canada—the ASPCA’s poison control hotline has seen a dramatic uptick in cases related to accidental cannabis consumption by pets.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), on the other hand, is a long term degenerating condition otherwise known as renal failure. CKD is defined by VCA hospitals as the “inability of the kidneys to efficiently filter the blood of waste products.” Despite common misconceptions, failure does not mean the inability to produce urine.
Washington State University notes that CKD can have a variety of causes in dogs, such as high blood pressure or birth defects, but thanks to the disease’s long and slow progression, the cause may no longer be detectable at the point of diagnosis.
As for rates of chronic kidney disease in dogs, a 2013 UK review puts prevalence at anywhere between 0.37 and 3.4 percent of the pup population. Clarity on rates of CKD can be difficult because of the progressive nature of the disease, as well as the often long periods in which CKD goes undiagnosed.
What does kidney disease look like in dogs?
In humans and dogs alike, kidney disease emerges as the organs become less efficient. As efficiency decreases, the body attempts to compensate, by increasing the amount of blood flowing through the kidneys. This causes a greater need to urinate, putting patients at risk of dehydration.
As a result, one of the key early signs of kidney failure in dogs is increased, sometimes frantic drinking habits. Urination will also be noticeably frequent. As the disease progresses, and the kidneys become less able to remove waste products from the bloodstream, dogs can deteriorate very suddenly and require immediate veterinary care.
Clinical signs of advanced kidney failure include depression, halitosis (bad breath), appetite suppression, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Does CBD have any direct effect on the kidneys?
Right now, there is little to no research published on CBD as a treatment or therapy for kidney disease—in dogs or other animals. As a result, we don’t know much about the direct effects of CBD or other cannabis products on canine kidneys. We do know that the kidneys play a role in eliminating CBD from the body. This 1990 study, for example, identifies the results of cannabinoid absorption in the urine of dogs who ingested CBD.
So, while CBD definitely interacts with the kidneys, there are no firm conclusions on whether CBD has a positive impact on kidney disease or kidney disorders. On the other hand, CBD has been shown to have very few side effects and a high toxicity threshold in dogs. In terms of the kidneys specifically, a seven-year study on human participants found that cannabis products have no identifiable negative effect on kidney function among adults under 60 years old (with relatively light cannabis usage.)
Orally ingested CBD is also likely to reduce inflammation across the whole body—kidneys included—thanks to its interactions with the far-reaching endocannabinoid system.
Important: the first stage of treatment for many dogs with AKD and CKD includes a ‘flushing’ of toxins from the kidneys and body with the use of IVs, in the hope of supporting still functioning kidney cells as they recover. Due to the nature of this treatment, plus the fact that the kidneys play a role in the elimination of substances from the body, it’s critical that you discuss possible CBD supplementation with your vet before introducing CBD to your dog.
How else can CBD help?
As mentioned above, both AKD and CKD can cause a slew of nasty symptoms in dogs, from vomiting, nausea, and gastrointestinal distress, to depression, anxiety, and loss of appetite.
A cursory look at popular use cases of CBD will tell you that all of these symptoms fall well within CBD’s umbrella of benefits. Because CBD bolsters the endocannabinoid system, which is largely responsible for reducing inflammation in the body, CBD can act as an efficient pain killer, stress-manager, and mood booster.
So, while CBD is not an advised treatment for kidney failure, it’s well worth having a conversation with your vet about CBD’s therapeutic role in combatting symptoms and boosting your dog’s quality of life.
Dogs are at risk of sudden acute kidney disease from ingesting toxic substances. Chronic kidney disease, of a symptom of old age, can persist in dogs for years before symptoms emerge.
Right now, CBD is not considered a viable treatment for kidney diseases of any kind.
CBD can play a highly beneficial role in easing the symptoms of kidney disease: increasing appetite, lowering stress, and decreasing inflammation.
The general health of dogs with kidney disease is likely to be fragile, which means that any changes to their treatment should be carefully considered and discussed with a vet.
So far, CBD has shown a good ability to interact with other drugs and to not put pressure on the kidneys. Nevertheless, consultation before beginning CBD treatment is still a must.