CBD (cannabidiol) is one of more than 100 cannabinoids found in the cannabis and hemp plant. It is often used to reduce pain and and manage anxiety, though its potential uses do not stop there. Researchers are actively studying the effects of CBD to determine how best to regulate and administer CBD as a therapeutic drug in the future.
Finally, full spectrum CBD generally refers to oils or other solutions that have been extracted from the hemp plant, but have not been distilled. As a result, full spectrum solutions contain the quantities of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids that naturally occur in the hemp plant. Therefore, full spectrum CBD is not “pure” CBD, as no other compounds are removed to refine the end product. Full spectrum products are only legal to produce and sell in those states where cannabis is legal for recreational and/or medicinal use, like Colorado. This is due to the fact that full spectrum products can contain large amounts of THC.
What is CBD Isolate?
Bulk CBD powder (CBD isolate), as well as CBD distillate and full spectrum CBD can be purchased through various retailers at wholesale prices. However, you may be wondering where you can source reliable, trustworthy vendors in such a tumultuous industry. So, let’s take a look at the best place to buy (or sell) CBD isolate and other CBD products.
In order to make CBD isolate, hemp plants must undergo several forms of
CBD isolate is the purest form of cannabidiol available, containing >99% pure CBD. In order to produce CBD isolate, the cannabis or hemp solution must undergo a complex distillation process. The term “isolate” is accurate, because the CBD molecules must be isolated from all other cannabinoids (including THC), so that only CBD remains. Unlike other CBD solutions that generally result in a liquid, CBD isolate always comes in the form of a white, crystalline powder.
Full spectrum CBD oils are the least refined and warrant the lowest market price at about $1,791 per kilo. THC-free CBD distillates on the other hand, warrant nearly double that price ($3,120) due in part to the expensive processing as well as the market demand. However, refined hemp oil overall has significantly declined from June, 2019 ($5,628) to January, 2020 ($2,528). As a whole, the three categories of refined hemp oil have dropped by 55%.
For farmers, key strategies may be to grow a little less than capacity, set up contracts in advance, and safely store hemp that cannot be immediately sold. It may also mean changing strategies for growing, harvesting, drying and extracting to ensure that the end product warrants the highest prices. The hemp industry has an incredible trajectory and it’s vital to stay focused on producing the best quality product available.
Refined Hemp Oil (distillates)
In order to process hemp using CO2 , it must first be pressurized in metal tanks to transform from a gas into a supercritical fluid. From there, the CO2 solution draws the desired components from the plant such as cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids. The CO2 solution is later evaporated leaving a concentrated oil, shatter or budder behind.
While the curing process itself does not directly dictate the price of hemp biomass or flower, the resulting quality of the product will. For example, slow curing may produce a higher concentration of CBD which will warrant a higher wholesale price, but if THC rises above the legal limit, the product is not sellable. Similarly, fast drying will improve output and ensure that the crop does not continue increasing in THC potency, but cracked seeds, contamination, and lower CBD content will all drive down pricing.
Dried CBD flower refers to the bud and trichome portions of the hemp plant, which are removed from the stalks and stems. Dried flower is smokeable and sold alone or in pre-rolled joints. Dried CBD flower commands a higher price point than CBD biomass because it has been cut, trimmed and is ready to sell.