The main active ingredient in hemp is CBD, and CBD does not have any psychoactive properties. Instead, CBD has been credited with relieving anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, and pain, although currently there is little scientific proof that CBD works, except for epilepsy. Epidiolex Is a prescription CBD oil that was FDA approved in June 2018 for two rare and severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) and Dravet syndrome. Other trials are underway investigating the benefits of CBD for Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and anxiety.
This means that even though hemp and marijuana have a few things in common, there are notable differences, with the most crucial being that hemp is almost devoid of THC, which is the chemical in marijuana that gives you a high. In fact, by law, hemp must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC to be considered hemp, otherwise, growers are at risk of prosecution under federal law.
Medically reviewed by Carmen Fookes, BPharm. Last updated on Sep 20, 2020.
Can CBD gummies make you high?
Marijuana-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level; however, may be legal in some states. Check your state laws on CBD products.
Cannabis is a plant, and there are two main types; Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. While marijuana can be derived from both types, hemp is only derived from the Cannabis Sativa family.
CBD Gummies are edible candies that contain cannabidiol (CBD) oil. They come in a rainbow of flavors, colors, shapes, and concentrations of CBD. Gummies offer a discreet and easy way to ingest CBD, and effective marketing campaigns by many manufacturers mean their popularity has soared among long-standing CBD users and nonusers alike.
Be aware that CBD is quite a bitter substance, and a lot of gummies contain large amounts of added sugar to disguise this taste.
It does sound kinda like a scam, but solid scientific studies show that CBD can latch onto cells in your gut and immune system, relieving anxiety, pain, and inflammation, says Joseph Maroon, MD, a clinical professor of neurological surgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. But that’s the pure stuff—there’s no legit research on the effectiveness of CBD in gummy form. In other words: They maybe work (at least, they did for our editors—see our own reviews below!).
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Last year, “CBD gummies” was the third most-Googled food in the entire U.S. So yeah, you’ve likely heard of these little nuggets that contain cannabidiol (aka CBD), the part of weed that chills you out but not the part that inspires you to down a party-size bag of Doritos. Maybe you’ve even heard reviews—from stoner and non-stoner friends alike—about how the non-hallucinogenic bites are ideal for erasing Big Stress Energy or helping you wind down before bed. And you’ve probably still got questions. Great, ’cause we’ve got answers.
Are you sure these work?
Figuring out whether you’ll need 2 or 10 to calm the hell down is (you guessed it) also a mystery, says Jeffrey Bost, a clinical instructor at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Start with one gummy per day. Nada? Try two. Still nada? Slowly up your dose until you get some results. It’s pretty tough to OD on CBD, says Bost. The worst side effects of very high doses are drowsiness and mood changes. (And pls note that the long-term effects are still TBD.)
If you live in a state where all types of devil’s lettuce is legal, you can buy CBD gummies almost anywhere—even at some gas stations. For everyone else, there’s the interwebs. Amazon sells them and can ship to your door for about $40 (yeah, chillin’ ain’t cheap).
CBD impedes the activity of certain liver enzymes, namely cytochrome P450 enzyme system, which metabolizes pharmaceutical drugs. In the case of other prescription drugs, CBD may actually increase enzyme activity, which can also be dangerous.
You may notice that your mouth is dry when using CBD because of how cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system. This system has receptors in the salivary glands, and when activated, the secretion of saliva from the glands can be inhibited.
This is a very rare side effect, but it’s possible that you may feel dizzy or lightheaded after using CBD. This side effect is generally temporary and can be quickly relieved by drinking a caffeinated beverage such as coffee. This will allow your body to regain its balance.
Interaction with Prescription Drugs
According to one study, the submandibular gland that produces more than 60% of saliva has cannabinoid receptors. Anandamide, which is an endocannabinoid in the body, is linked to dry mouth. This happens when the endocannabinoid interacts with the submandibular receptors, which then block the signals from the nervous system that tells the gland to produce saliva.
If you feel dizzy after consuming CBD gummies, drink a cup of coffee, tea, or soda. It’s also important to drink plenty of water throughout the day when you take any kind of CBD product.
The CBD gummies you purchase should be made with USA-grown hemp and should have a reliable certificate of analysis (COA). This documentation identifies what a product consists of, to include cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, as well as potential contaminants such as pesticides and heavy metals.
The good news is that all of the common CBD side effects are minimal. For most, they’re more so a nuisance than a risk or danger. What’s even better is the fact that there are ways you can minimize the chance that you’ll experience any side effects at all.