Unlike the FDA-approved CBD drug product, unapproved CBD products, which could include cosmetics, foods, products marketed as dietary supplements, and any other product (other than Epidiolex) making therapeutic claims, have not been subject to FDA evaluation regarding whether they are effective to treat a particular disease or have other effects that may be claimed. In addition, they have not been evaluated by the FDA to determine what the proper dosage is, how they could interact with other drugs or foods, or whether they have dangerous side effects or other safety concerns.
In addition to safety risks and unproven claims, the quality of many CBD products may also be in question. The FDA is also concerned that a lack of appropriate processing controls and practices can put consumers at additional risks. For example, the agency has tested the chemical content of cannabinoid compounds in some of the products, and many were found to not contain the levels of CBD they claimed. We are also investigating reports of CBD potentially containing unsafe levels of contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, THC).
Unproven medical claims, unsafe manufacturing practices
The FDA is committed to setting sound, science-based policy. The FDA is raising these safety, marketing, and labeling concerns because we want you to know what we know. We encourage consumers to think carefully before exposing themselves, their family, or their pets, to any product, especially products like CBD, which may have potential risks, be of unknown quality, and have unproven benefits.
The FDA is actively working to learn more about the safety of CBD and CBD products, including the risks identified above and other topics, such as:
Despite the 2018 Farm Bill removing hemp — defined as cannabis and cannabis derivatives with very low concentrations (no more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis) of THC — from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act, CBD products are still subject to the same laws and requirements as FDA-regulated products that contain any other substance.
Tinted bottles prevent damaging sunlight from penetrating and hastening the product’s expiration date. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The general rule of thumb is that CBD oil has a shelf life ranging from 14 months to two years, depending on how the product is stored. Direct sunlight and intense heat are two factors that can cause a bottle of CBD oil to go bad before its expiration date. Higher-quality products tend to last longer, especially those that have been minimally processed like full-spectrum CBD oil. Pure CBD oil may last longer than flavored oils since any added ingredients have a shelf life of their own that could be shorter than the shelf life of the CBD.
Here are answers to some common questions about CBD longevity, including how to extend the shelf life of CBD oil.
What is the best way to store CBD oil?
Here are some pointers to keep CBD oil fresh until the upper end of the shelf-life range (24 months):
CBD oil can lose its potency if stored improperly or kept for longer than two years. Weak CBD oil means that the cannabinoids have broken down and don’t function at peak levels in the body. So, an older bottle is less likely to deliver any of the potential therapeutic effects of CBD oil, such as pain relief.
CBD oil does not spoil or turn rancid like milk or other oils, so you are unlikely to become ill if you consume a small amount of the product past its prime. This is especially true if you are microdosing. But to be on the safe side, toss any bottles that have been improperly stored or sitting in your medicine cabinet for longer than two years.
The general rule of thumb is that CBD oil has a shelf life ranging from 14 months to two years, depending on how the product is stored. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Thousands of people use CBD oil daily to enhance their overall health and wellness. How their tinctures are made can determine the quality of their products. CBD oil tinctures are a great way to maintain a daily dosage of CBD. The increase in popularity in CBD has led to an influx of poor quality products on the market. To unlock the full potential that CBD has to offer, we recommend using the highest quality products as opposed to the cheapest. Gaining an understanding of how to make premium CBD oil tinctures will help you to decide which tinctures are best for you.
Now you need a high-proof alcohol base for your tincture. Many choose vodka, but some have even made extracts with apple cider vinegar. It’s less effective, but it doesn’t contain any alcohol.
Making A Good CBD Oil
There are other methods to extract cannabinoids, and this is not a complete guide. You should also be aware that without accurate testing, you can’t know exactly how much of which cannabinoids are contained in your extract.
Decant your tincture into the dropper bottles.
Now completely cover the plant material with alcohol. Seal the lids and place your bottles in a cool, dark cupboard.