Full-spectrum cbd oil comes with that all-inclusive ‘entourage effect’ whereby you might benefit from the full range of effects that each compound brings to the party. Some of the reported health benefits include pain relief, anti-seizure, nutrient boost, nausea relief, muscle spasm relief, reduced anxiety and anti-inflammatory properties. A 2018 study also revealed that full-spectrum CBD is more effective for pain relief than CBD isolate, due to the combined effects of CBD and THC.
Full-spectrum CBD oil is minimally refined and usually contains traces of THC, which could give you a sensation of feeling high and could show up on a drug test (so it’s best not to get the two confused). In the UK, THC is only legal in products that contain no more than 1mg of the stuff and aren’t advertised as providing a medicinal benefit – a single milligram over and you’re looking at spending the rest of your days in an orange jumpsuit (ok, that’s an exaggeration, but the point is: it won’t be legal). Make sure to do your research before purchasing.
The term full-spectrum is used when the CBD oil contains more than just the cannabinoid CBD – cue dozens of those hidden extras we spoke about earlier – and sometimes including small traces of THC (usually less than 0.03%), essential oils, flavonoids, terpenes, and other additional cannabinoids. Research suggests that with some of these additional cannabinoids comes the opportunity for wider health benefits.
When Is Full-Spectrum CBD Oil Better For You?
If you’re a first-time user and want to reap the benefits of CBD oil on health and wellbeing without having the high of full-spectrum CBD oil, then CBD isolate is the right choice for you. It allows you to go about your day more productively and with less anxiety. At Good Hemp, we’d recommend CBD isolate – give it a try yourself!
In the voice of Chandler Bing: could it be any more relaxing?!
You’ve added the good stuff to your cart, now what? When it comes to taking CBD oil, you have the freedom to be as inventive as you like.
All good things must come to an end and CBD is no exception. The crystalline form of CBD basically won’t expire – a bit like salt and sugar – but the CBD oil base might. Good Hemp’s CBD oil is based on hemp oil, which has a shelf life of one to two years. Once it’s expired, you’ll notice a change in smell and colour. Hemp oil will not last as long as CBD crystals alone, as it’s made of plant material that will eventually break down unless prevented by added preservatives (which you won’t be able to find in ours).
The wide range of benefits contained in full-spectrum CBD extracts means some CBD merchants have either ceased to sell, or scale down the promotion of CBD isolate, in comparison to the whole-plant extract variety. Companies and individuals who extract CBD themselves are realising that cannabis has more to offer medicinally than just CBD or THC, and that there is little to no reason to not include all that this “super-plant” has to offer in the extraction process.
However, CBD isolate does have something to offer CBD users that full-spectrum extracts does not. The fact that full-spectrum extracts invariably contain low levels of THC means that some users prefer to play it safe and stick to pure CBD by itself, out of fear of failing a drug test or experiencing a form of “high”, although both of these occurrences have been found to be fairly unlikely.
Cannabis, with its complex chemical structure, contains over 100 active cannabinoids aside from CBD. It also contains terpenes, which have anti-inflammatory properties, and are regarded as increasing the efficacy of cannabinoids. Although they are not rated as important as CBD when it comes medical benefits, some of these other cannabinoids have been found to have symptom alleviating qualities as well. The cannabinoids CBN and CBG for example, are found in most full-spectrum extracts and studies have shown that both contain anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relieving properties.
Whole-plant extracts typically contain a carefully measured amount of the cannabis plant’s most prominent cannabinoid, THC, although usually not in a large enough amount to have any psychological effects. In many countries, a certain percentage of THC is illegal, so it is vital to know the amount of this cannabinoid when manufacturing products that contain full-spectrum CBD. When present together, CBD and its cannabinoid colleagues, as well as terpenes, produce what is known as an entourage effect. The synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each.
A study published by the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, which aimed its focus on the effectiveness of CBD isolate compared to full-plant extract, supported this concept, stating in its summary that “in all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered. The results all indicate that CBD is only effective against swelling and pain at a certain dose, and that cannabis solutions containing a full range of cannabinoids will continue to provide corresponding effects as the dosage is increased.”
This has left some users concerned not just with which form of extracted CBD is most effective or what the proper dosage for them may be, but also with which method of supplementation gives the user the most relief in the right amount of time. Some of the most common methods include applying it sublingually, topically, or taking it in capsules. Vaping cbd is regarded by many to be the most bio-available way to administer, and as such, this has led to an increase in the demand for CBD isolate. This form of CBD is different from full-spectrum CBD extract in that it only contains CBD and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or healthy fatty acids that commonly result from the whole-plant extraction process.
Given the results of this study, it would seem to confirm that full-spectrum extract is preferable over CBD isolate for most CBD users, but CBD isolate is still frequently used and believed by some to be more effective than full-plant extract. This belief is led by the idea that CBD is the only medically sought after cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, aside from THC. Many CBD isolate users are under the impression that by consuming only the CBD cannabinoid and no terpenes or any other “unnecessary” components of the plant, they are getting a more powerful or effective dose of CBD. When vaping a CBD extract, which as stated previously, is considered to be the most efficient and quick-acting method of administering CBD, isolate users may feel that they are taking the most efficient route to CBD consumption. While this method might be efficient, the lack of entourage effect means the benefits are reduced when compared to full-spectrum CBD consumption.
When cannabinoids are consumed together, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect will take place. The entourage effect proposes that combining cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, THC, and CBD creates a stronger impact than any single cannabinoid can have on its own. The entourage effect can take place as a result of consuming any number of cannabinoids — not just CBD and THC.
Simply put, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD that’s pulled from the plant and devoid of all other ingredients. Full spectrum CBD, on the other hand, contains all the natural chemicals found in the whole plant, which include various other cannabinoids, essential oils, and terpenes.
Hemp extract and cannabis extract
CBD isolate is made by pulling CBD from the plant and removing all other ingredients. By removing cannabinoids such as THC, passing a drug test may be easier, but there is more to consider when using CBD isolate than you might think. While isolated CBD is essentially 99% pure CBD, it doesn’t contain any of the beneficial terpenes or flavonoids that encourage the entourage effect. As the illustration demonstrates below, pure CBD isolate is missing THC, CBC, CBN, and more. This is why CBD isolates tend to cost less than full spectrum CBD products or broad-spectrum CBD products.
Though we’re primarily focusing on isolate CBD vs. full spectrum CBD, there’s a third option to consider: broad-spectrum form. We’ve broken down all three primary extraction methods below in greater detail.
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