In this article, we discuss the differences between full-spectrum CBD and isolates, how they affect the body differently, and how to choose one over the other.
CBD isolate is especially popular among people who take large doses of CBD on a regular basis and are subject to random drug tests. Now, let’s be clear; most full-spectrum CBD products (including our entire CBD line) are made with hemp extract, which typically has extremely low THC concentrations (below 0.3%).
UNDERSTANDING THE CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS
For more evidence of the entourage effect, we can look to Marinol, a synthetic, FDA-approved version of THC prescribed for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. For a long time, cancer patients have found that THC-rich cannabis can help reduce the nausea and vomiting that often accompanies chemotherapy. Marinol, on the other hand, is much less effective than its natural counterpart, sometimes even causing nausea rather than reducing it.
Studies have shown, for example, that the CBD in cannabis can counteract some of the negative side effects of THC  , such as anxiety. It’s believed that CBD can block some cannabinoid receptors  , therefore blocking the effects of THC, which binds directly to these receptors.
Now, these concentrations are very low and obviously can’t produce a psychoactive high. Unfortunately, these trace amounts of THC may show up on drug tests, more so in people who take large doses of CBD on a daily basis. CBD isolates, on the other hand, can be made completely THC-free, which can be reassuring to users who might be subject to drug tests.
The 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act categorized all types of cannabis, including hemp, as Schedule I, defined as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction. The act prevented further research that may have shed light on beneficial uses for cannabis.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
In July 2016, Pennsylvania lawmakers passed House Bill 967, legalizing hemp cultivation and processing, including hemp-derived CBD production. It was one of many states that moved to regulate hemp production as an agricultural commodity in the wake of the 2014 Farm Bill. Later amendments to the state’s agricultural code removed requirements for hemp growers to be part of a university-affiliated research program.
But this started to change with the passage of the 2014 Hemp Farming Bill, which recognized the difference between hemp, a low-THC, high-CBD type of cannabis, and marijuana. Hemp was defined as having less than .3% THC by weight, while marijuana has more than .3% THC. The Hemp Farming Act of 2018, which was signed by President Donald Trump on Dec. 20, 2019, officially removed hemp from the list of Controlled Substances, though marijuana is still illegal in some states and is still classified as Schedule I, making it illegal at the federal level. CBD derived from marijuana plants is, therefore, still illegal while CBD from hemp is legal but governed by rules that the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has yet to disseminate.
Hemp growers must be licensed by the PDA. Licenses are $600 per year for up to five locations, with additional fees for more locations; the state doesn’t limit the number of locations or acreage. Licenses will not be granted to anyone convicted of a drug felony in the 10 years prior to application. Growers who unintentionally violate the law will be given an opportunity to remedy the charges against them. If it happens three times in a five-year period, the grower is banned from producing hemp for five years. Growers who intentionally violate the law will be reported to law enforcement.
CBD oil is federally legally so long as it contains less than 0.3% THC, as mandated by the 2018 Farm Bill. It may not be legal at a state, county, or local level. Check your local laws and regulations before buying CBD oil.
Are you ready to buy CBD oil in Pennsylvania? From Philly to Scranton to Harrisburg to Pittsburgh, there are plenty of options to choose from. Some of our retail partners in PA include wellness centers, health food stores, auto shops, yoga studios, herbalists, vitamin shops, gift stores, grocery stores, skincare boutiques, wellness centers, juice bars, chiropractors, smoke shops, hydroponics supply stores, pool stores, salons, spas, coffee shops, acupuncturists, massage therapists, pharmacies, pet groomers, and more. Click here to find a location near you or click here to order direct from us online.
When shopping for CBD oil in Pennsylvania, look for a reputable manufacturer that openly shares its lab-verified testing results. Don’t be too quick to narrow your choices based on price – this is one type of product where you get what you pay for. For best results, choose an oil that is:
Choosing a Quality CBD Oil
Americans are quickly falling in love with CBD oil, and it seems everyone is talking about this extraordinary extraction, from a plant that dates back as far as 8000 BCE. Today, scientists are researching CBD for its wide range of applications. What exactly is CBD oil and why is there such a buzz about it in The Keystone State?
At the time of this writing, Pennsylvania maintains a clear separation between its industrial hemp program and medical marijuana. CBD oil in Pennsylvania is currently legal as long as it contains no more than trace amounts (less than 0.3%) of THC.
CBD is short for Cannabidiol, a compound extracted from the hemp plant. Hemp has been used for thousands of years for its fiber and food. Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf has been a long-time proponent of industrial hemp and is quoted as saying, “Hemp had a long history in Pennsylvania until it disappeared from the landscape half-a-century ago, but now, I’m excited that we’ve brought it back and we’re creating new agricultural opportunities in the process.”
This guide may not be up to date on the current legislation at the state or local level. We recommend you do your research to understand the legalities surrounding CBD oil where you live.