Combining cannabis’ main and secondary active ingredients—THC and CBD—in equal amounts tames the euphoria of THC while calming anxiety. Look for the golden ratio of “one-to-one” — signified as “1:1” on recreational and medical cannabis product packages in California.
(Elise McDonough for Leafly)
Cinnamon CBD mints by Breez Mints
(Elise McDonough for Leafly)
When we’re talking about cannabis products, the term “ratio” typically refers to the ratio of CBD to THC. These types of ratios can be expressed as CBD:THC (the amount of CBD versus THC).
8:1 – 8 parts CBD to 1 part THC which is more of a mid-range amount of CBD. Again, the CBD content dominates the THC content for a tempering effect that minimizes overt psychoactivity.
Here are some examples of ratios and what those ratios could mean:
1:1 – 1 part CBD to 1 part THC. While this ratio looks the most balanced, it will actually produce more of an overall psychoactivity and may be better suited for a person with a higher tolerance to THC.
2:1 – 2 parts CBD to 1 part THC. There could be more overt psychoactivity depending on a person’s THC tolerance level since this ratio is a little more equal, with less CBD to temper the THC.
40:1 – 40 parts CBD to 1 part THC. This ratio contains a significantly higher amount of CBD that will impact the way the low amount of THC works overall. The focus of a product with this combination is on the benefits of CBD.
While it can be difficult to gauge an exact serving from flower or a vaporizer, knowing the potency of your product in advance can help you anticipate the effects to come. Fairwinds lists the average potency as well as the terpenes featured in their products. A terpene profile can provide additional insight to the experience you can expect from said product.
The Potency on the far left-hand column shows the amount of THC and CBD in the packaging. The suggested serving of 0.6ml will contain 11mg CBD and 2.4mg of THC in a 5:1 ratio.
Let’s Explore a 5:1 Ratio Cannabis Product
Anytime you see a product that features a ratio, the first number will reflect the amount of CBD in a product. The second number featured shows the amount of THC in the same product. For example, a 10:1 Ratio tincture has 10x the amount of CBD as THC. It is important to know that CBD comes first, as you may come across ratios that have more THC than CBD. Each ratio has its own range of effects, so it’s best to talk with a medical consultant to find the ratio that best suits your needs.
1:1 Ratio – Having equal parts CBD and THC seems to be the most effective in tackling pain management. The goal of utilizing a 1:1 product is to induce a gentle buzz while allowing the consumer to function and focus throughout the day. While CBD affects inflammation throughout the body, THC regulates neurotransmitters and how the brain perceives pain. The 1:1 ratio provides both mental and physical relief from pain. While this ratio is not considered “recreational”, 1:1 products can be easily found at most dispensaries. 2
5:1 Ratio – This ratio is an excellent place to start for those who are new to cannabis, or experienced consumers who are looking for products that will allow them to function without intoxication. Fairwinds 5:1 Ratio Tincture offers an invigorating blend of terpenes to accentuate the therapeutic benefits of the CBD. 3